History Tourism report: The Austrian Parliament and its unique Greek character

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History Tourism report: The Austrian Parliament and its unique Greek characterStanding in the city’s center since the nineteenth century, the Austrian Parliament impresses visitors to the city with its ideal resemblance to an ancient Greek temple

One of the most beautiful and impressive Parliament buildings anywhere in Europe is in the Austrian capital of Vienna, greekreporter.com notes in a recent feature.

Standing in the city’s center since the nineteenth century, the Austrian Parliament impresses visitors to the city with its ideal resemblance to an ancient Greek temple.

Designed by architect Theophil Hansen and concluded in 1883, the Austrian Parliament is one of the most characteristic examples of the classical Greek architectural renaissance of the nineteenth century.

Hansen decided to give the building its unmistakable Greek character because he sought to revive Greek architectural style. During this period, called Neoclassicism, there was an awakened admiration for ancient Greece’s achievements, leading architects across Europe and the Americas to design buildings in the Classical style.

Designing holistically, Hansen was responsible both for the exterior and the interior of the parliament building. The result is a spectacular recreation of classical Greece, with columns and pediments of white marble and frescoes along the walls of the entrance.

Hansen’s architectural choices were also definitely influenced by the industrialist and politician Nikolaus Dumba, who argued that the new Austrian parliament’s style should be classical.

The Austrian authorities believed at the time that classical Greek architecture was most appropriate for a parliament building because of its connection to the ancient Greeks and their legacy of democracy.

Hansen, relying on the drafts he had drawn up for Zappeion Hall in Athens, was ready to implement his ideas and give Vienna a landmark which would capture the attention of the globe.

His original plans included two separate buildings for the House of Representatives and the House of Lords, but for functional and financial reasons it was decided to house both chambers in one building.

The “Athena Fountain” in front of the parliament was erected several years following the parliament building’s construction, creating an urban complex that gives the impression of being in the city center of ancient Athens.

RELATED TOPICS: GreeceGreek tourism newsTourism in GreeceGreek islandsHotels in GreeceTravel to GreeceGreek destinations Greek travel marketGreek tourism statisticsGreek tourism report

Photo Source: Wikimedia Commons License: CC-BY-SA Copyright: Dennis Jarvis

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