800 Ancient Roman amphorae confirm 6th AD shipwreck off Akrotiri-Dreamers Bay in Cyprus

Α Decrease font Enlarge font
800 Ancient Roman amphorae confirm 6th AD shipwreck off Akrotiri-Dreamers Bay in CyprusSurvey conducted by divers using underwater scooters, enabled wider coverage of the offshore approaches, identified new finds including numerous stone anchors and what appears to be the remains of a wreck carrying roof tiles.

The discovery of 800 Roman amphorae dating to the end of the 6th or the 7th century AD and scattered over an area of approximately 130,000 sqm at the Akrotiri-Dreamer’s Bay ancient port has confirmed the shipwreck of a substantial vessel for that period.

According to the Cyprus Department of Antiquities, Ministry of Transport, Communications, and Works the 2019 underwater archaeological mission at the Akrotiri-Dreamer’s Bay ancient port, in the Limassol District, has been completed.

The survey was carried out by staff from the University of Southampton, Centre for Maritime Archaeology, as part of the Ancient Akrotiri Project, an ongoing collaborative research project on the peninsula conducted since 2015 and led by the University of Leicester.

The 2019 season focused on three main tasks: further investigation of the ancient breakwater; completion of the survey of Dreamer’s Bay, its approaches, and the area offshore of the buildings excavated by the University of Leicester team on the coast to the west of the bay

Between September 8th and 19th 2019, the second season of the underwater investigation was conducted at Dreamer’s Bay on the southern shores of the Akrotiri Peninsula, Cyprus. A team of professional diving maritime archaeologists, students of maritime archaeology, divers, surveyors, photographers, and terrestrial archaeologists predominantly from Cyprus and the UK, further investigated the ancient breakwater and the surrounding seafloor in Dreamer’s Bay. Unlike the previous year that documented the remains of the ancient breakwater submerged some 1-4m beneath the water, the primary focus of the 2019 season was to complete a broader survey of the entire bay and the offshore approaches, and in particular to investigate an area to the east of the breakwater where a large amount of pottery was located in the previous season. The team suspected that this dispersed and concreted concentration of largely homogenous amphorae was the remains of a shipwreck.

The 2019 season focused on three main tasks: further investigation of the ancient breakwater; completion of the survey of Dreamer’s Bay, its approaches, and the area offshore of the buildings excavated by the University of Leicester team on the coast to the west of the bay; and further analysis of the ceramic concentration to the east of the breakwater in order to determine its nature.

 

The most important result of the 2019 season was confirmation that the eastern concentration of largely homogenous ceramics located on an elevated, rocky outcrop to the east of the breakwater and the sheltered channel, was indeed a shipwreck

The breakwater was extensively surveyed in 2018 both visually and photogrammetrically. The focus of 2019 was to calculate the volume of the rubble that had fallen from the breakwater largely to the east of the structure, in order to ascertain its original height and scale. The area around the breakwater was also more thoroughly investigated and a channel some 5-6m deep was clearly mapped to the east of the breakwater noting an entrance to the more sheltered water in the lee of the structure, an area of anchorage. Survey conducted by divers using underwater scooters enabled wider coverage of the offshore approaches, identified new finds including numerous stone anchors and what appears to be the remains of a wreck carrying roof tiles, still of uncertain date. To the west of the breakwater other concentrations of ceramics were also noted, however, the survey further offshore to the west in front of the shoreline buildings excavated by the Leicester team, still failed to identify any archaeological remains, making the theory that this was an area used as a roadstead, less feasible. All finds were noted, described and photographed underwater and a record of their location taken using GPS. Selected finds were lifted only when they were either in danger of further displacement on the seafloor or were useful chronological indicators.

The most important result of the 2019 season was confirmation that the eastern concentration of largely homogenous ceramics located on an elevated, rocky outcrop to the east of the breakwater and the sheltered channel, was indeed a shipwreck. Dating to the end of the 6th or the 7th century AD, as confirmed by ceramics expert Dr. Stella Demesticha of the University of Cyprus, the extensive remains of broken amphorae were identified scattered over an area of approximately 130,000 sqm, concreted to the rocks and caught in gullies. In the middle of the wreck lies an Aswan granite column also believed to belong to the vessel. The area was extensively surveyed and the number of amphora shoulders and rims were counted equating to almost 800 in total, reflecting a fairly substantial vessel for the period. Examples of the amphorae were lifted for further analysis, which is still ongoing.

In the middle of the wreck lies an Aswan granite column also believed to belong to the vessel

The work was carried out with the approval of the Republic of Cyprus Department of Antiquities and the UK Sovereign Base Areas Administration, and very much benefitted from the direct participation of RAF personnel who helped in the preparation and offered their time, expertise and support during the field season. The University of Cyprus, MARELab, offered support in the form of an excellent dive boat, as well as expertise, particularly with respect to ceramic identification. Nicosia based CP Marine Explorations provided the dive logistics, safety and underwater survey scooters, and Kembali Divers the tanks and air. Further support was provided by the Defence Infrastructure Organisation and the Western Sovereign Base Area Archaeological Society. This season the team was honored to welcome for a day the Base Station commander as visiting diver while the project was generously funded by the Honor Frost Foundation, UK, and sustained by a hardworking team of young maritime archaeologists.

Photo Source: Cyprus Department of Antiquities

Tornos
  1. 25/01 22:20

    CEO of Attiki Odos management company resigns after snowstorm fiasco

  2. 25/01 21:14

    The footpaths of Andros island inspire article in hiking magazine 'Wandern & Reisen'

  3. 25/01 20:16

    HEDNO: Power returns to 80% of customers after snow damage is repaired

  4. 25/01 18:52

    Athens-Thessaloniki train routes will resume as soon as the weather permits

  5. 25/01 18:42

    17,409 new Covid-19 cases and 98 fatalities recorded in last 24 hours in Greece

  6. 25/01 18:04

    Athens metro and tram still in partial operation on Tuesday following snowstorm

  7. 25/01 16:59

    Greek PM: €2,000 compensation for snowbound motorists on Attiki Odos (videos)

  8. 25/01 15:21

    International Air Transport Association: Accelerate easing of travel restrictions (video)

  9. 25/01 14:10

    “Blanket travel restrictions don't work": UNWTO adds its voice to sister WHO statement

  10. 25/01 13:30

    Minister: Obligatory holiday in Greece's snowbound areas till Wednesday

  11. 23/01 13:28

    Libya, Morocco, Armenia and Indonesia ambassadors present credentials in Athens

  12. 23/01 13:23

    New ledges for the disabled installed at 74 public transport stops in city of Athens

  13. 22/01 21:08

    Deadly Covid Delta variant keeps grip on Greece and health restrictions are extended

  14. 22/01 21:04

    Greek Development Minister forecasts at least 5% GDP growth during 2022

  15. 22/01 20:49

    American Hellenic and Jewish groups briefing with U.S. Ambassadors to Greece, Cyprus, Israel

  16. 21/01 22:57

    Premier: Six of Greece's most unspoilt mountains included in new protection initiative

  17. 21/01 18:17

    20,507 new Covid-19 cases and 108 fatalities recorded in Greece during Friday

  18. 21/01 17:30

    Greek Foreign Minister meets with Kosovo counterpart in Athens

  19. 21/01 16:26

    Freedom Pass scheme against Covid-19 costs €86 million to date in Greece

  20. 21/01 15:40

    Lonsdale Street Greek Festival 2022 postponed to 22 and 23 October 2022

  21. 21/01 15:36

    Los Angeles Greek Film Festival International Project Discovery Forum in May

  22. 21/01 15:01

    Greek government approves licences for seaplane infrastructure on Corfu and Paxi islands

  23. 21/01 14:53

    EOT: Plan for the promotion of military tourism in Greece

  24. 21/01 13:44

    FRONTEX executive director Leggeri awarded by Greek Migration Minister

  25. 21/01 13:16

    Greek and Israeli Defence Ministers re-affirm close ties in meeting in Tel Aviv

  26. 21/01 10:51

    Greek FM: Athens stands in solidarity with the people and the government of Ghana

  27. 20/01 21:46

    Medical expert: 93% of people who died of Covid-19 in Greece were unvaccinated

  28. 20/01 18:34

    Minister: E-mobility a key pillar of transport development in Greece

  29. 20/01 18:21

    Greek PM holds broad e-meeting with heads of diplomatic authorities abroad

  30. 20/01 18:11

    Shipping Minister: Greek Coast Guard saves lives in the Aegean with bravery

  31. 20/01 17:14

    Athens Panepistimio metro station opens after rally on Thursday afternoon

  32. 20/01 16:35

    Dominican Republic the focus of first UNWTO tourism investment guidelines

  33. 20/01 15:40

    Appointment platform for 4th vaccine opens for immunosuppressed individuals in Greece

  34. 20/01 15:23

    Bad weather front 'Elpis' to bring extreme cold and snow in Greece as of Saturday

  35. 20/01 15:07

    UNWTO affiliate members board elects chair and vice chairs for 2022-2025

  36. 20/01 13:36

    Covid-19 measures in Greece extended for one week till end of January

  37. 20/01 13:31

    Catering and entertainment company fined €50,000 for corona party in Athens

  38. 20/01 10:15

    Environment Ministry: Six pristine highland areas slated for total protection in Greece

  39. 19/01 23:41

    French President thanks Greece for purchase of French Rafale jets (video)

  40. 19/01 21:21

    City of Barcelona joins UNWTO’s network of sustainable tourism observatories

  41. 19/01 21:10

    IATA issues statement on rollout of C-band 5G near airports in the United States

  42. 19/01 20:21

    TUI | Doubling of tourist arrivals in Greece in 2022 - New year better than 2019 (video)

  43. 19/01 20:19

    Redevelopment of Larnaca port and marina on track for implementation in Cyprus

  44. 19/01 20:16

    Current public measures against Covid extended in Greece by a week to January 31

  45. 19/01 19:52

    Finance Ministry: Greece raises 3.0 billion euros from 10-year bond issue

  46. 19/01 19:46

    Robert De Niro brings Nobu Hotel to Greek island of Santorini

  47. 19/01 19:43

    Greece records 20,107 new Covid-19 infections and 88 fatalities on Wednesday

  48. 19/01 18:27

    Crete island 2nd in EU and 5th globally in Tripadvisor 2022 popular destinations

  49. 19/01 16:01

    Greek unemployment rate dropped to 13.3% during November 2021

  50. 18/01 23:57

    Dominican President to announce 300 tourism education student scholarships

  51. 18/01 22:16

    Ice broke on surface of Lake Plastiras in Greece and visitors fell in the water (video)

  52. 18/01 21:45

    Free Covid-19 self-tests for schoolchildren available from pharmacies in Greece on Wednesday

  53. 18/01 20:11

    German supermodel Heidi Klum’s sexy dance in Greek island of Mykonos (video)

  54. 18/01 17:27

    United States airlines warn 5G technology at airports could cause chaos

  55. 18/01 15:35

    UNWTO: Tourism sector grows 4% in 2021 but remains far below pre-pandemic levels

  56. 18/01 15:31

    Greek government is waiting for the recommendations of the experts' committee

  57. 18/01 14:41

    Greek Foreign Minister meets with United States Ambassador in Athens

  58. 18/01 14:33

    Greek Tourism Minister: Upgrade of 3-star hotels introduced in development law

  59. 18/01 14:12

    Greek PM presents investments opportunities to Saudi Arabian businessman

  60. 17/01 22:27

    Greece: Two fronts of bad weather in the coming week

  61. 17/01 21:38

    Cypriot Deputy Minister of Tourism: Cyprus not just a sun and sea destination

  62. 17/01 20:23

    Fourth dose available for the immunosuppressed in Greece as of Thursday

  63. 17/01 19:05

    Greece expects another 25,000 treatments of molnupiravir for Covid-19 next month

  64. 17/01 19:05

    Greece records 18,834 new Covid-19 infections and 101 fatalities on Monday

  65. 17/01 14:58

    Athens and Harvard universities launch joint research on migration issue

  66. 17/01 14:23

    Greek Foreign Minister: France expresses the epitome of the European solidarity

  67. 17/01 12:52

    IATA's SVP for Commercial Products and Services

  68. 17/01 12:11

    Media report: Electricity consumers pay for market distortions in Greece

  69. 16/01 21:47

    Greek government will continue to provide support during global crisis in energy costs

  70. 16/01 13:40

    Stores open in Greece on Sunday, January 16

  71. 16/01 11:48

    Athens-based Pasteur Institute to create Greece's first vaccines production facility

  72. 16/01 09:45

    Last chance for Greece’s over-60’s: Get COVID-19 shot or 100-euro fines

  73. 16/01 07:58

    Greece records 17,447 new Covid-19 infections and 78 fatalities on Saturday

  74. 15/01 19:16

    UNWTO gets set to return to the FITUR tourism trade fair in Madrid on 19-23 January

  75. 15/01 14:51

    Health Minister: Greece receives 5,700 treatments of molnupiravir for Covid-19

  76. 15/01 12:39

    Associated Press: Fitch upgrades Greece’s credit outlook to Positive

  77. 14/01 20:46

    Energy costs overwhelm Greek households

  78. 14/01 17:35

    Greek Tourism Minister: Sector to be spearhead of development

  79. 14/01 14:44

    Greek Foreign Minister meets with counterparts of Austria, Estonia and Lithuania

  80. 14/01 13:46

    Wildlife tourism: Wolf population near Greek capital of Athens growing (video)

  81. 14/01 13:37

    WHO says that half of Europe will be infected with Covid-19 within the next two months

  82. 14/01 13:33

    New study confirms Greek olive oil is diet leader in cancer prevention

  83. 14/01 13:18

    Greek passport among the most powerful in the globe during 2022

  84. 14/01 13:12

    Average age of new Covid-19 cases rises in Greece from 29 to 39 years

  85. 14/01 13:08

    Greek government will support households and businesses with targeted actions

  86. 14/01 13:01

    Athens Stock Exchange reached pre-pandemic levels for the first time since 2020

  87. 14/01 12:56

    Greek island of Myconos: New rap footage by Heidi Klum and Snoop Dogg (video)

  88. 14/01 10:52

    6,364 self-tests found positive among students and teachers in Greece

  89. 13/01 23:19

    Capital Link Company Presentations Series in New York on January 13-27

  90. 13/01 21:14

    Monoclonal antibody doses already allocated to qualifying patients in Greece

  91. 13/01 20:23

    Ferries to Crete island leaving on Thursday night as weather improves

  92. 13/01 20:08

    Asymptomatic people with Covid may resume daily activities after 5-day isolation

  93. 13/01 20:00

    Diaspora Greeks now able to e-register family changes through consulates

  94. 13/01 19:13

    Greece records 20,409 new Covid-19 infections and 80 fatalities on Thursday

  95. 13/01 18:55

    Greek PM on TV interview: Second increase in minimum wage on May 1

  96. 13/01 18:03

    UN report underscores significance of tourism for economic recovery in 2022

  97. 13/01 15:31

    Ski resort on Mount Pelion in Thessaly of Greece opens on Friday

  98. 13/01 13:52

    Focus Bari research: Why 17% of Greeks still refuse to get vaccinated against Covid

  99. 13/01 11:27

    IATA: Air passenger traffic improved during November

  100. 12/01 18:36

    Good Housekeeping: The ultimate Greece holiday destinations to visit this summer