New finds from underwater research on historic Greek island of Salamis

Α Decrease font Enlarge font
New  finds from underwater research on historic Greek island of SalamisHead of marble statue, found in the main archaeological layer near the public building. © C. Marabea

For the third year running, underwater interdisciplinary research was carried out in June and July 2018 in the area of the Kynosoura peninsula and Ampelakia Bay on Salamis, i.e. the meeting place of the main part of the Greek fleet on the eve of the great naval battle in 480 B.C.

As mentioned in the announcement issued by the Greek Ministry of Culture and Sports: ‟The results of the 2018 research in the Ampelakia Bay head and Straits are particularly significant since: a) A new ‟amphibian” technique was successfully applied to investigate ancient remains in the shallows, b) the unearthing of a large ancient public building was continued, yielding examples of original marble works of Greek sculpture and c) marine sediment data was acquired which will contribute together with other geophysical and archaeological elements, in reconstructing the area’s paleogeography with particular reference to the shape of the Bay and Straits at the time of the Battle of Salamis.

Salamis, Ampelakia Bay. Southeast view of the research site with the barrier, on the Bay’s northwest side. © Κ. Κatris.


”For a more successful investigation of the large submerged ancient building on the northwest side of the bay head of today’s Ampelakia, an innovative technique was adopted; a flexible barrier was installed by “K&P Engineering”, a company run by Th. Katseli and G. Petrova, for draining the sea water, which enabled the combined use of methods and technical means for underwater and land excavation in researching the ancient building structure.

Salamis, Ampelakia Bay. View of the drained field, with the foundations of the ancient public building and the later pier on the left. © K. Katris.


”By using the ‟amphibian” excavation technique, more new sections were unearthed of large stone plinth foundations of the big public building (temple or stoa), probably established in late Classical/Early Hellenistic times and fully or partly operating up to the late Roman era (3rd century A.D.).

Salamis, Ampelakia Bay. View from the west of the research site with the barrier, on the Bay’s northwest side. © Κ. Κatris.

 

”The monumental construction which today is submerged in mud seems to be positioned on a North-South axis, at present measuring 15 meters and certainly extending towards the north and west. It turns out that the east side of the foundation makes up the base of a solid, later pier, constructed at least 200 years ago out of the ancient building’s materials.

”The main archaeological layer in the excavated area contained, apart from considerable pottery from primarily  the Hellenistic era and also the late Classical – late Roman times; a valuable collection of fragments of marble statues, architectural members (?), columns or pedestals and other objects that are obviously  connected with the building’s thriving operation.

Salamis, Ampelakia Bay. Fragments of amphora handles with seals and a fragment of pottery with a printed letter.© C. Marabea. -

 

”Among the marble works from the late Classical/Early Hellenistic period is a complete head of a young man, possibly an athlete or a god (Hermes?). It is the first of its kind to come to light on Salamis. It is an original work, an exceptional example of Greek sculpture of the advanced 4th century B.C., the product of a first class workshop bearing the stamp of great art. Some stylistic features of the work have already been recognized as relevant to the School of Skopas or Lysippus.

”In the wake of the 2018 research period, it seems very likely that the “emerging” construction is one of the main public buildings in the district, or on the fringes of the Agora, on the lowest level of the ancient city, seen and described as ruined by Pausanias the Traveller around the mid-2nd century A.D. Its location, directly adjacent to the city’s harbour, is reminiscent of other coastal public building complexes on Thasos, Andros, and Delos islands.

Salamis, Ampelakia Bay. Head of a marble statue of a young athlete or god, before its conservation, from the end of the Classical era. © C. Marabea.


As in previous years, the research was conducted by the Institute of Marine Archaeological Research (IMAR) in cooperation with the Ephorate of Underwater Antiquities of the Ministry of Culture and Sports,headed by Dr Angeliki Simosi and Yiannos G. Lolos, Professor of Prehistoric Archaeology at the University of Ioannina and president of IMAR, with the support of the Marine Geology and Physical Oceanography Laboratory of the University of Patras, under Professor George Papatheodorou. Funding came from the generous sponsorship of Michael and Myrto Pateras and resources of IMAR.

Salamis, Ampelakia Bay.Photo of investigation work on the ancient public building © Y. Lolos.


Thirty individuals from different fields of expertise actively took part in the 2018 underwater archaeological and geophysical research. The main collaborators were Dr. Christina Marabea, responsible for field work and documentation and technical manager Nikolaos Golfis.

 

Tornos
  1. 30/11 21:43

    Media report: Richer tourists spending big in Greece so far

  2. 30/11 21:34

    Greece and Russia sign cooperation protocol in Moscow ahead of PM's visit

  3. 30/11 19:56

    Greek PM: Mandatory vaccination for those over 60 with a fine of 100 euros each month

  4. 30/11 19:52

    Eurostat: Greek annual inflation rate projected at 4.3% in November

  5. 30/11 19:11

    United Nations World Tourism Organization General Assembly gets underway in Madrid

  6. 30/11 18:52

    Greece records 7,486 new Covid-19 infections and 88 fatalities on Tuesday

  7. 30/11 18:29

    Accommodation and food services up 84.1% in Cyprus during Q3

  8. 30/11 17:16

    Boat schedules back to normal after weather improves in Greece

  9. 30/11 14:04

    Tourism Minister: Travellers trust Greece as a safe destination

  10. 29/11 19:43

    Greece and Bangladesh sign declaration of intent to handle migration and migrant returns

  11. 29/11 19:30

    Ferry cancellations due to high winds to continue across Greece on Tuesday

  12. 29/11 19:09

    Greece records 6,677 new Covid-19 cases and 104 fatalities on Monday

  13. 29/11 18:35

    Christmas celebrations cancelled in Northern Greek peninsula of Chalkidiki

  14. 29/11 16:38

    Ships to Zakynthos, Ithaca and Cephalonia islands docked on Monday due to winds

  15. 29/11 13:20

    Greek government monitoring developments and focusing on implementing existing measures

  16. 29/11 11:12

    UNWTO Barometer: Global tourism sees upturn in Q3 but recovery remains fragile

  17. 28/11 18:56

    Greece records 3,823 new Covid-19 cases and 96 fatalities in the last 24 hours

  18. 28/11 16:12

    Spokesperson says that lockdown is not in the Greek government's plans

  19. 28/11 11:04

    Greece issues notam for nine African countries

  20. 27/11 21:57

    UNWTO: New COVID-19 surges keep international travel restrictions in place

  21. 27/11 20:50

    First World Sports Tourism Congress: The role of sport for tourism recovery

  22. 27/11 20:47

    IATA isssues statement on new COVID-19 B 1.1.529 Omicron variant

  23. 27/11 20:25

    12-month EU Covid-19 certificate to protect recovery in travel and tourism sector

  24. 26/11 19:01

    EU to impose 9-month limit on COVID-19 vaccine for travel within the bloc

  25. 26/11 15:10

    Document in runic script found hidden in Hagia Sophia of Constantinople

  26. 26/11 15:00

    Greek Health ministry experts to hold meeting over new S. Africa variant

  27. 26/11 14:44

    Last chance to visit the 7th Athens Biennale

  28. 26/11 14:26

    Finance Ministry assures that Greece will not impose a new lockdown

  29. 26/11 14:20

    Greek Foreign Minister to deliver 200,000 vaccines donated to Gabon

  30. 26/11 13:14

    Beauty of Greek island of Milos promoted through Dior video

  31. 26/11 12:17

    Itinerary for Pope’s journey to Cyprus and Greece announced by the Vatican

  32. 26/11 11:29

    ELSTAT: Census deadline extended in Greece to December 13

  33. 26/11 11:23

    Greece launches initiative to provide faster internet to attract digital nomads

  34. 26/11 11:04

    8th Japanese Martial Arts Show to take place in Greece on Sunday

  35. 25/11 17:33

    Not Parthenon marbles, but fragments now displayed at Acropolis Museum

  36. 25/11 16:55

    UNWTO General Assembly: Spain at the center of world tourism for three days

  37. 25/11 15:32

    Ecumenical Patriarch honored in Greek capital of Athens for 30 years of global service

  38. 25/11 15:24

    UNWTO and CAF promote sustainable and innovative tourism in Latin America

  39. 25/11 15:23

    Weather worsens in Greece on Friday

  40. 25/11 15:05

    Greek Minister outlines strategy to keep society and economy fully operational

  41. 25/11 14:14

    Greek Foreign Minister donates 150,000 vaccines against Covid-19 to Ghana

  42. 25/11 13:35

    PM: Greek economy 'recovering remarkably' with growth to surpass 7%

  43. 25/11 12:28

    Greece's Digital Governance Ministry announces new apps to reduce red tape

  44. 25/11 11:48

    Markopoulo Horse Race Track employees hold rally in central Athens

  45. 24/11 17:06

    Concert at Cathedral of St. John marks the Bicentennial of the Greek Revolution

  46. 24/11 16:13

    Traditional Greek costumes in special Fashion Show at Plato School in Brooklyn

  47. 24/11 15:09

    Greek PM proposes third dose as 'condition' for EU digital certificate valid for travel

  48. 24/11 14:48

    Greek tourism ministry launching initiative to support digital nomads

  49. 24/11 14:17

    Greek government:The economy will not close down, the market will remain open

  50. 24/11 13:32

    Ambassador: Research and innovation a reason for German firms to operate in Greece

  51. 24/11 13:22

    Associated Press report: US to require vaccines for all border crossers in January

  52. 24/11 12:53

    Greece markets legendary Ancient Olympia olive oil

  53. 24/11 12:00

    Health Minister assures that necessary surgeries will not be postponed in Greece

  54. 23/11 22:09

    Greek Foreign Minister on official visits to Ghana and Gabon on November 24-26

  55. 23/11 21:26

    Plans for the new Thessaloniki Coast: Botanical gardens and pools in the sea

  56. 23/11 18:07

    Greece records 8,100 new Covid-19 cases and 91 fatalities on Tuesday

  57. 23/11 17:35

    Greece reveals guidelines on booster shots after infection with Covid-19 virus

  58. 23/11 17:10

    New incentives and time frame for strategic investments in Greece

  59. 23/11 16:57

    UN World Tourism Organization and Council of Europe to promote cultural routes

  60. 23/11 16:42

    TUI Germany: Greece among top booking choices for German vacationers in 2022

  61. 23/11 16:23

    IATA keys to safely restoring global mobility: Simplicity, predictability, practicality

  62. 23/11 15:38

    Greek island of Alonissos among the top destinations in the world for ecotourism

  63. 23/11 14:54

    Greek Minister sees explosion of prosperity and development after pandemic

  64. 23/11 13:03

    National Gallery in Athens to host show of Louvre portraits and sculptures

  65. 22/11 17:26

    Tourist arrivals in October 2021 reach highest level since pandemic outbreak

  66. 22/11 17:13

    President of Hellenic Republic congratulates Bulgarian President for his re-election

  67. 22/11 15:08

    Music Academy Anargyrios and Korgialenios School of Spetses island open for enrollment

  68. 22/11 14:44

    Greek PM: The phenomenon of high prices will de-escalate in first half of 2022

  69. 22/11 14:38

    444,000 first dose and 1.2 million third dose vaccination booked in Greece during last 30 days

  70. 22/11 14:20

    Prosecutor files charges over fake vaccination certificates in Greek city of Karditsa

  71. 22/11 13:54

    Total passenger traffic in Greek airports soars 118.1% in October

  72. 22/11 08:16

    Greece-Latin America conference to be held on November 24 in Athens

  73. 21/11 18:58

    Correspondence between Korais and Jefferson translated into Greek language

  74. 21/11 18:55

    Greek PM pressures UK counterpart for Parthenon Marbles return to Athens

  75. 21/11 18:48

    Greek Minister: General lockdown was not in the government's plans

  76. 21/11 18:47

    5,991 Covid-19 cases and 69 fatalities recorded in Greece during last 24 hours

  77. 21/11 16:32

    Tourism research: Half of US travelers are making 2022 travel plans despite COVID

  78. 21/11 09:43

    Media report: Going on in Greek-American community during holiday season

  79. 20/11 19:08

    Cypriots’ trips abroad soar by an annual 273% during October 2021

  80. 20/11 18:40

    Shops, stores to stay open in Greece from 10:00 to 21:00 from next Monday

  81. 19/11 12:17

    Staggered shifts and later opening hours part of new plan against pandemic in Greece

  82. 19/11 12:08

    Christmas 2021: See the festive decorations of Greek capital of Athens

  83. 19/11 11:51

    Foreign Ministers of Greece, France, Egypt, Cyprus to meet in Athens today

  84. 19/11 11:14

    Greek Minister: Taking all measures needed for national health system to cope

  85. 19/11 11:05

    Appointment platform for booster shot against covid opens in Greece on Friday

  86. 19/11 09:55

    Media report: Top-10 paces in U.S. to get authentic Greek coffee

  87. 19/11 08:35

    Health officials in Cyprus divided over COVID-19 measures to be adopted

  88. 19/11 07:30

    Australia: The Hellenic Initiative announced its 2021 Winter Appeal for Greece

  89. 18/11 18:34

    Grey’s Anatomy star Sarah Drew enchanted by Greek capital of Athens

  90. 18/11 17:16

    Greek fan gushes over “Expendables 4” Star Jason Statham on TikTok (videos)

  91. 18/11 16:09

    UNWTO in Kuala Lumpur: First Regional Conference on women's empowerment in sector

  92. 18/11 15:57

    German beauty Heidi Klum posts topless photo from Greek island of Mykonos

  93. 18/11 15:13

    Greek Foreign Minister to meet French counterpart in Athens on Friday

  94. 18/11 14:53

    Greek government requisitions services of private doctors in northern regions

  95. 18/11 14:23

    Work stoppage in Athens metro and tram on Friday from 11:00 to 14:00

  96. 18/11 12:38

    Exhibition protesting violence against women to be inaugurated in Athens on November 25

  97. 18/11 12:38

    UNWTO looks into the future with the European Union Tourism Ministers

  98. 18/11 11:06

    Greece records 6,682 new Covid-19 infections and 87 fatalities on Wednesday

  99. 17/11 18:26

    Cypriot Minister: Development of tourism a strategic goal of the government

  100. 17/11 16:35

    Premier discusses brain drain and overseas vote with Diaspora Greeks in London