Greece’s top-10 archaelogical discoveries during the last decade

Α Decrease font Enlarge font
Greece’s top-10 archaelogical discoveries during the last decadeThey have forever changed our understanding of history

Greece has countless ruins to visit and historical sites to explore, all of which are priceless archaeological treasures. However, some discoveries made in the last decade are so spectacular that they have forever changed our understanding of history, greekreporter.com notes in the following article:

Here’s a look at some of the most important archaeological finds in Greece during the last ten years:

1.The magnificent Amphipolis Tomb, discovered in 2012

In 2012 Greek archaeologists unearthed a large tomb deep within Kasta Hill, the largest burial mound in Greece, northeast of Amphipolis.

The tomb is dated back to the late 4th century BC, sometime during the period after the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC.

It is not yet known who is buried in the tomb. Initial public speculation that it could be the tomb of Alexander the Great, due to its size and the estimated cost of construction, was dismissed by experts. All known historical records mention Alexandria, Egypt as the final resting place of Alexander the Great, although he died in Baghdad.

It has been suggested that the occupant of the splendidly-decorated Amphipolis tomb could either be a wealthy Macedonian noble or a member of the Macedonian royal family.

There are two sphinxes just outside the entrance to the tomb. Two of the columns supporting the roof in the first section are in the form of Caryatids, in the style of the 4th century BC.

The excavation revealed a breathtakingly beautiful pebble mosaic showing the abduction of Persephone by Hades. The mosaic is directly behind the Caryatids and in front of the Macedonian-marble door leading to the “third” chamber.

2. Thessaloniki treasures, discovered in 2010

A 15-year subway project in Greece’s northern metropolis has shed light on previously-unknown facets of daily life in the history of the 2,300-year-old city.

The excavation has uncovered Thessaloniki’s central sixth-century highway, as well as a marble plaza, a fountain and a headless statue of Aphrodite.

Thousands of priceless ancient finds such as coins, mosaics and statues have also been uncovered.

Most of the finds are from the Byzantine era. However, archaeologists say as excavations continue, new finds from the Roman era are coming to the surface. They hope to discover artifacts or buildings from the time Thessaloniki was founded, in the era of Cassander, sometime around 300 BC.

3. Long-lost city of ancient Tenea resurfaces – 2018 

The discovery of the long-lost city of Ancient Tenea is considered among the fifteen largest art historical discoveries of 2018.

Greek archaeologists discovered jewelry, dozens of coins and remnants of a housing settlement, affirming the location of the ancient city thought to have been founded by survivors of the Trojan War in the 12th or 13th century BCE.

Until last year, the location of Tenea had been based mainly on historical references, and the spectacular find finally proved the existence and exact location of the city.

The most recent excavation unearthed seven graves dating to the Roman era and the Hellenistic period, and, for the first time, remnants of a settlement.

4. Oldest extract of Homer’s Odyssey, found in 2018

A team of Greek and German researchers found what they believe to be the oldest known extract of Homer’s epic poem “The Odyssey” on an engraved clay plaque in ancient Olympia, the birthplace of the Olympic Games.

The extract comprises thirteen verses from the Odyssey’s “14th Rhapsody”, where the hero Odysseus addresses his lifelong friend Eumaeus. Preliminary estimates date the finding to the Roman era, probably before the third century AD.

The exact date still needs to be confirmed, but the plaque was still “a great archaeological, epigraphic, literary and historical exhibit,” according to the Greek Ministry of Culture.

“The Odyssey”, 12,109 lines of poetry attributed to the ancient Greek poet Homer, tells the epic story of Odysseus, the king of Ithaca, who wanders for 10 years trying to get home after the fall of Troy.

5. Oldest intact shipwreck in the world, discovered in 2018

A Greek merchant ship dating back more than 2,400 years was discovered lying upright in the sea off the Bulgarian coast.

The 23m (75 foot) wooden ship, found in the Black Sea by an Anglo-Bulgarian team, was hailed as officially the world’s oldest known intact shipwreck.

Researchers were stunned to find the merchant vessel closely resembled in design a ship which decorated ancient Greek wine vases.

The rudder, rowing benches and even the contents of its hold remain intact. While older shipwrecks have been discovered, what sets this one apart is its incredible state of preservation. This is because the seawater in that area contains almost no oxygen at that depth.

6. Shackled remains, unearthed in 2016

At least 80 skeletons lie in a mass grave in an ancient Greek cemetery, their wrists clamped by iron shackles.They are the victims, say archaeologists, of a mass execution. But who they were, how they got there and why they appear to have been buried with a measure of respect – that all remains a mystery.

They were found in an area of the Falyron Delta necropolis. This is a large ancient cemetery which was unearthed during the construction of a national opera house and library between downtown Athens and the port of Piraeus.

The cemetery dates from between the eighth and fifth centuries BC.

One of the strongest hypotheses is that the executed men had been supporters of Cylon, an Athenian noble and Olympic champion who staged an attempted coup in Athens in 632 BC with the help of his father-in–law, the tyrant of Megara.

The coup failed, and Cylon hid in a temple of the Acropolis. He managed to escape, but the people who backed him were killed.

7. The ancient Marketplace of Argilos, excavated in 2013

While archaeologists were further excavating the site of the ancient city of Argilos, northern Greece, in 2013, they stumbled upon its “portico”, or a group of shops – something like a modern-day mall.

This ancient marketplace had different qualities than those experts have come across in the past, making it a rare find.

Unlike other porticoes discovered from antiquity, this one was made up of different rooms, suggesting that each shop owner constructed his own place of business.

The ancient marketplace dates back to some 2,500 years ago, making it the oldest portico ever found in northern Greece.

8. Ancient Naval Base at Piraeus Harbor, discovered in 2010

In 2010, a local fisherman guided a group of archaeologists to his favorite fishing spot which he had frequented as a child. He told them he used to sit on ancient columns peeking out from the sea in the northern side of Mounichia in the port of Piraeus.

It turned out that the columns were part of the ruins of an ancient naval base dating back as far as 480 BC.

The ancient Greek naval base played a pivotal role in defeating the Persian Empire in the historical Battle of Salamis, and since its initial discovery in 2010, many new discoveries around the ruins have come to light.

Exploration of the partially-sunken port undertaken by the “Zea Harbor Project” have uncovered ancient boat sheds and other artifacts of ancient Piraeus.

9. 4,000-year-old Pyramid with Plumbing System, 2018

The archaeological site on the Greek island of Keros, consisting of a pyramid-shaped mountain, was already familiar to all; yet no one had any idea what treasures lay inside the pyramid until last year.

High up above the Aegean Sea some 4,000 years ago, the residents of Keros Island carved a cone-shaped mountain along the coast line into terraces resembling a stepped pyramid.

In 2018, researchers looked inside the carved pyramid and were astounded to discover that there was a sophisticated system of drainage tunnels which were one millennium old.

Experts say that the pyramid’s plumbing could have been used to provide fresh water, or may have been used to remove sewage.

10. Underwater treasures of Delos, discovered in 2017

The remains of ancient coastal structures, a port, and a large number of shipwrecks from different eras were found in underwater archaeological excavations conducted by the Ephorate of Underwater Antiquities at the island of Delos. Significant smaller finds were also discovered at the dig two years ago.

The discovery confirmed to experts that the island of Delos was an important trading base along a strategic maritime trade route. The island played a crucial role in linking the eastern and western Mediterranean in ancient times.

Other finds included the remains of walls and a fallen colonnade, as well as the remains of a later Hellenistic-era shipwreck carrying amphorae of oil and wine from Italy and the western Mediterranean.

Two additional shipwrecks from the same era were also discovered off the southern tip of Delos and at Rineia, in Fylladi Bay.

RELATED TOPICS: GreeceGreek tourism newsTourism in GreeceGreek islandsHotels in GreeceTravel to GreeceGreek destinations Greek travel marketGreek tourism statisticsGreek tourism report

Photo Source: Wikimedia Commons License: CC-BY-SA Copyright: http://www.theamphipolistomb.com/second-chamber

Tornos
  1. 23/08 16:17

    Prime Minister: Greece Eurozone's 'pleasant surprise' in coming years

  2. 23/08 16:02

    Thessaloniki airport “Makedonia” in Greece selected by the airline industry

  3. 23/08 15:58

    Houston’s AHEPA 29 Educational Foundation bestows 41 scholarships for 2019

  4. 23/08 15:45

    Moody's: Greece's B1 rating supported by its 'Moderate' economic strength

  5. 23/08 15:30

    Greek Minister and Russian Ambassador discuss investments in tourism

  6. 23/08 11:02

    Government asks parliament to fast-track data privacy bill in Greece

  7. 22/08 18:32

    Professor Ioannis Lianos nominated for Competition Committee chief in Greece

  8. 22/08 17:24

    Cook’s Club opens latest hotel in the heart of Greek island of Rhodes

  9. 22/08 17:16

    Visit spectacular Calypso canyon in Thessaly Region of Greece

  10. 22/08 16:08

    Applications now available for FAITH Executive Education Program in US

  11. 22/08 15:59

    Power supply restored on Greek island of Poros after helicopter accident

  12. 22/08 15:24

    Aviation industry: Working together to shape a sustainable future

  13. 22/08 13:48

    Aegean Regatta 2019 reaches the Greek island of Psara

  14. 21/08 21:16

    Plans for big investments in new Greek malls

  15. 21/08 15:53

    Minister: News in September on flights to Cyprus and German market

  16. 21/08 15:08

    Greek PM receives head of US House Appropriations Committe Nita Lowey

  17. 21/08 13:56

    Foreign Ministry: Bank of China to open branch in Greece

  18. 21/08 11:06

    French investment interest focused on Greek tourism

  19. 21/08 11:04

    Greek coast guard intervened in 208 incidents with 5,608 foreign nationals in July

  20. 20/08 22:21

    New Piraeus cruise terminal and shopping mall discussed by Greek PM and port's mayor

  21. 20/08 22:15

    Young Cretan man’s quest to tour the world on 26-foot sailboat (video)

  22. 20/08 22:01

    New tender by central government for Athens and Thessaloniki bus systems

  23. 20/08 21:53

    Private helicopter crashes in sea off Greek island of Poros

  24. 20/08 21:36

    Coast guard rescues seven Israeli tourists from stranded yacht on fire

  25. 20/08 21:26

    First museum education dog in Greece as Cretan summer camp assistant

  26. 20/08 21:14

    Greek island of Samothrace to get port upgrade, stricter contracts for ferries

  27. 20/08 18:41

    Travel report: Antikythera, an island paradise at the edge of the Aegean (video)

  28. 20/08 18:10

    Greek firm buys fish farm operations for €51 million

  29. 20/08 16:31

    Νew international exchange opportunity for Greek students by SNF

  30. 20/08 15:41

    IATA: Competitiveness of Swiss aviation crucial for jobs and prosperity

  31. 20/08 14:02

    Greek Ministry of Culture reiterates legal claim to artifact vs. Sotheby’s in NY

  32. 20/08 12:56

    Greece's Paros to become first plastic waste-free island in Mediterranean

  33. 20/08 11:14

    Greek Tourism: +15.3% travel revenues in H1 2019 despite marginal arrivals' drop

  34. 19/08 21:42

    Qatar's traditional boat Al-Mubaraki docks at old port of Corfu in Greece

  35. 19/08 21:38

    Investments on agenda of Greek and French leaders meeting on Thursday

  36. 19/08 18:26

    Health Tourism: Greek state hospitals' expenditures up in 2018

  37. 19/08 16:36

    Research: One in 10 Brits missed out overseas holiday due to Brexit uncertainties

  38. 19/08 16:25

    Speed boat operator arrested off Greek island of Spetses for drunken driving

  39. 19/08 16:13

    2,1% rise in Cyprus tourist arrivals during July 2019

  40. 19/08 15:37

    Inscription found in Paleochoria links goddess Artemis to Amarynthos sanctuary

  41. 19/08 15:03

    Two massive petrified tree trunks discovered on Greek island of Lesvos

  42. 19/08 14:51

    Studies: Culture Tourism attracts visitors to Greek islands

  43. 19/08 12:45

    Greek Prime Minister to have series of trips abroad in the next period

  44. 19/08 10:28

    Two Greek government meetings on Samothrace's island ferry service

  45. 18/08 20:31

    Greek Investment Ministry to accelerate public-private projects for 2020-2023

  46. 18/08 20:20

    Greek Development Minister tours Afandou in Rhodes with investor

  47. 18/08 20:10

    Three bidders left for Hellenikon Casino investment in the Athens suburb

  48. 18/08 19:50

    Andros Jet to link Samothrace island with Alexandroupolis for two more days

  49. 18/08 19:26

    Exhibition opening on the Mosaic of Aegina in Greek island near Athens

  50. 18/08 19:15

    Aegean Regatta sets sail across Greece on Monday

  51. 18/08 19:05

    Impressive triangular home constructed in olive grove west of Athens

  52. 18/08 17:55

    Strong Greek pesence in ”Big 5 Construct Egypt 2019” Exhibition

  53. 18/08 13:59

    New art director of Greek Festival

  54. 17/08 18:58

    Lighthouses open to public across Greece on August 18

  55. 16/08 23:23

    Full moon events at archaeological sites to conclude in Greece Sunday

  56. 16/08 23:12

    Greek Ministers to meet on Monday on Samothrace island transportation issue

  57. 16/08 21:47

    Greece records impresssive primary surplus of €1.779 billion in Jan-July

  58. 16/08 21:28

    Greek hospital worker fined 100 euros for violating smoking ban

  59. 16/08 20:59

    Cyclades International Classical Music Festival on Greek island of Syros

  60. 16/08 16:38

    Full moon shining bright over Koroni castle in southern Greece

  61. 16/08 15:26

    Greek island of Kos installs tsunami alert amid complaints from local hoteliers

  62. 16/08 12:40

    No active firefronts on Evia island but authorities still on alert

  63. 15/08 23:04

    Greek Prime Minister attends August 15 liturgy in island of Tinos

  64. 15/08 20:25

    Real estate report: Strong demand for office space in Greece

  65. 15/08 19:53

    Dormition of Virgin Mary celebrated across Greece on August 15th

  66. 15/08 14:38

    ENFIA property tax bills to be posted on Taxisnet in Greece by August 31

  67. 14/08 22:28

    AP report: Shard unveils how Cyprus' ancient kingdoms managed economy

  68. 14/08 20:43

    Expert: Greek forests expanding over last 20-30 years despite fires

  69. 14/08 17:00

    Greek flight safety expert to win sector's top international distinction

  70. 14/08 16:14

    Urgent measures to reduce flight delays at airports in Greece during peak season

  71. 14/08 15:22

    Passenger traffic in Greek airports soars 4.7% during first seven months of 2019

  72. 14/08 13:29

    Two ferries to arrive at Greek island of Samothrace on Wednesday

  73. 14/08 11:07

    Strong winds to temporarily subside in Greece

  74. 13/08 22:01

    AP: Kevin Spacey offers poetic tribute to Greek statue at Rome Museum (video)

  75. 13/08 21:56

    Greek Culture Minister meets with Chinese Ambassador to Athens Zhang Qiyue

  76. 13/08 21:56

    Two Greek beaches among world's top-50

  77. 13/08 17:24

    Media report: Secret ‘rooftop beach’ opens in the heart of Athens

  78. 13/08 13:13

    Visitors and revenues of Greek museums and ancient sites rise in April 2019

  79. 13/08 11:31

    Wildfire raging on Evia creates smoke cloud visible from Attica

  80. 13/08 09:42

    Schinias and Marathonas beaches out of bounds in Attica on Tuesday

  81. 12/08 19:28

    US Ambassador welcomes NBA MVP Giannis Antetokounmpo in Athens

  82. 12/08 18:52

    Mayor: Elafonissos island in Greece is a safe tourist destination

  83. 12/08 18:42

    Full moon events at archaeological sites in Greece to conclude Sunday

  84. 12/08 17:59

    Unique intact Hellenistic tomb found in Kozani of northern Greece

  85. 12/08 17:34

    Minister Theocharis: New strategic plan for the development of Greek tourism

  86. 12/08 14:24

    Wildfire on Mount Hymettus of Attica Region under total control

  87. 11/08 22:18

    Perseid meteor shower to peak on Greek sky on Monday

  88. 11/08 22:13

    Greek Prime Minsiter calls for shipowners to register their fleets locally

  89. 11/08 22:06

    Temperatures up to 40C to continue across Greece on Monday

  90. 11/08 22:01

    Building permits in Cyprus record big annual rise during first five months

  91. 11/08 21:47

    Greek island of Santorini becomes a global destination for parkour (videos)

  92. 11/08 21:29

    "Snakes of Virgin Mary" appear again in Greek island of Kefalonia (video)

  93. 10/08 18:32

    Media report: Roofless room in Greek island of Crete available on Airbnb

  94. 10/08 17:52

    First traditional Greek ‘Kafeneion’ opens up in the heart of Paris

  95. 09/08 21:03

    Fifth annual Molyvos International Music Festival opens in Lesvos

  96. 09/08 18:21

    Interest grows for 'last chance' debt settlement scheme in Greece

  97. 09/08 18:15

    French Finance Minister Le Maire meets with Greek officials in Athens

  98. 09/08 17:58

    Global Health Tourism figures honored in Ithaca, the island of Odysseus in Greece

  99. 09/08 17:53

    Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew wins 2019 ECOS Environmental Award (video)

  100. 09/08 17:48

    New PM reaffirms commitment Eldorado Gold's investment in Greece to proceed