Long Bronze Age sequence and earlier Chalcolithic occupation discovered by excavations at Kisonerga-Skalia

Α Decrease font Enlarge font
Long Bronze Age sequence and earlier Chalcolithic occupation discovered by excavations at Kisonerga-SkaliaFigure 1: Area P/B2 showing location of ashy area (upper right) and ground stone installations and post hole (lower left). The position of Red Polished IV bowl (KS651) prior to removal is shown in the red circle

The completion of the 2018 season of archaeological excavations at the Bronze Age settlement of Kisonerga-Skalia near Paphos, under the direction of Dr Lindy Crewe (Director, Cyprus American Archaeological Research Institute), was announced by Cyprus Department of Antiquities, Ministry of Transport, Communications and Works.

The site demonstrates a long Bronze Age sequence, and earlier Chalcolithic occupation, starting before 2,500 BC and connected with the neighbouring Neolithic–Philia phase settlement of Kissonerga-Mosphilia. The site was abandoned around 1600 BC, during the transition to the Late Cypriot Bronze Age.

During the final occupation phase a complex including some roofed areas and large open spaces was built. The complex has no evidence for domestic occupation and activities seem to be industrial, including large fire-related installations and the previously published malting kiln likely used in beer production. During the 2018 season the team further exposed the initial floor construction associated with the primary building phase. As in previous years, this is usually constructed from extremely compacted mud plaster or plaster. The majority of features and emplacements are associated with the primary construction phase and during a second later phase some of these were deliberately floored over. It is likely that we are seeing a decline in the site, with a decrease in activities and perhaps a slow abandonment. This is further suggested by the number of mended pottery vessels found on the final floors, perhaps indicating that there were no potters remaining in the last years of occupation.

In the northern areas two walls run approximately parallel and form a contained space. On the interior faces of both walls wall tumble and collapse has been investigated, suggesting that this area may have been roofed and as the roof collapsed both walls were drawn inwards. This collapse was further investigated in 2018, exposing a further area of working space with large stone grinders and a stone platform for supporting a post or a vessel. Figure 1 depicts this area in the centre lower left of the photograph. Associated with this arrangement was a large Red Polished IV spouted bowl which had been deliberately smashed in place and a piece of the base removed (Figure 2), presumably to collect and drain a material ground with one of the stone grinders.

Figure 2: Red Polished IV spouted bowl (KS651). The bowl was smashed in place and a fragment deliberately removed during the Bronze Age. The handle was already missing when the bowl was deposited. Photo Source: Cyprus Department of Antiquities

Excavations continued southwards to establish whether there was an interior space to the west of the courtyard previously associated with beer production. This bounded space in B2 forms a parallelogram rather than a rectangular space and with interior benches, made with a base of small stones and an upper packing of mud brick or mud plaster. To the south of the room it has been unveiled that the malting kiln is now located at the centre of an L-shaped courtyard.

In the north of the plot the Bronze Age deposits had been totally truncated during agricultural activity that took place in the 1970’s, exposing earlier Chalcolithic levels and revealing four Chalcolithic pit graves cut into a trampled occupation surface. As burials at neighbouring Kissonerga-Mosphilia, were previously thought to be entirely within the settlement, this is important for understanding wider Chalcolithic burial practices and it appears we have a dedicated burial area. The team’s physical anthropologist, Dr Michelle Gamble, reports that the latest burial excavated contains the remains of a single adult female, lying on her right side. No grave goods were present in any of the burials in this area and all burials have been identified as females or children.

The Final Phase Complex now encompasses an area of 1200m2. The areas excavated all have evidence for large-scale cooking/heating or processing working areas and we have yet to establish a possible purpose for the large open spaces. Kissonerga-Skalia is an example of a phenomenon that occurs at the transition to the Late Bronze Age where people started to build big and produce goods at a greater scale. As the site was abandoned shortly after the complex was built and the remains are not obscured by later human activity we are able to examine this phenomenon in detail.

Photo Source: Cyprus Department of Antiquities

Tornos
  1. 13/11 02:49

    “Dance with My Own Shadow” show on Manos Hadjidakis’ music (video)

  2. 13/11 02:44

    Arrivals of travelers to Cyprus rise by 1.6% during September

  3. 13/11 02:38

    International Air Transport Association: Four priorities for African aviation

  4. 13/11 02:31

    Revenue from tourism rises slightly in Cyprus during August 2019

  5. 13/11 01:48

    EU Commissioner: Greek government's recent law on migration 'in the right direction'

  6. 13/11 01:22

    Greek government: Schools returned to students, neighbourhoods to residents

  7. 13/11 01:18

    EU approves majority purchase of MediaMarkt's operations in Greece

  8. 13/11 00:50

    EU sanctions for illegal Turkish drilling in the eastern Mediterranean

  9. 13/11 00:42

    Greek saffron and kiwifruit get green light for export to Chinese market

  10. 12/11 22:02

    Jewish Museum in the northern Greek city of Thessaloniki launches new wing

  11. 12/11 22:01

    Greek fisheries show growth in exports

  12. 12/11 21:11

    FM: Economic diplomacy a core component of foreign relations in Greece

  13. 12/11 20:57

    Chinese president: I agree that the Parthenon Sculptures should return to Greece

  14. 12/11 16:38

    RINA and Athens Polytechnic agree to train graduating Greek naval engineers

  15. 12/11 16:31

    Greek PM refers to government’s initiative to reunite Elgin Marbles

  16. 12/11 14:10

    Novel about Greek poet Cavafy wins 2019 National Translation Award

  17. 12/11 12:32

    Rainstorms and strong winds in Greece on Wednesday

  18. 12/11 10:51

    Chinese interest in assisting Greek banking sector to reduce exposure to NPLs

  19. 12/11 00:21

    AP: Greek tennis star Tsitsipas earns 1st win over Medvedev at ATP Finals

  20. 12/11 00:15

    Study on direct flights between China and Cyprus to be conducted

  21. 12/11 00:04

    Central Macedonia organic foods at Eco Life Scandinavia fair

  22. 11/11 23:47

    Plans for road between Helliniko and Athens Airport through Argyroupolis tunnel

  23. 11/11 23:42

    Greece’s rival parties receive Diaspora vote bill with skepticism

  24. 11/11 23:35

    Stavros Niarchos Foundation Cultural Center: A park for all seasons

  25. 11/11 23:27

    Greek PM and Chinese President tour Cosco’s facilities in Piraeus Port

  26. 11/11 23:19

    Greece and China to sign another 16 bilateral deals to promote investment and trade

  27. 11/11 23:11

    Prime Minister: Greece will officially adopt IHRA definition of anti-semitism

  28. 11/11 23:00

    The 60th Thessaloniki Film Festival announces its awards (video)

  29. 11/11 20:49

    Pomegranate: The golden Greek elixir the world can't get enough of

  30. 11/11 20:38

    ESM chief and EBRD report: Positive prospects for the Greek economy

  31. 11/11 19:09

    Greece offering tax relief and incentives to enterprises to attract investment

  32. 11/11 18:33

    Draft law on voting rights of Greeks abroad presented for public consultation

  33. 11/11 18:00

    Xi Jinping on Greek-Chinese relations: Cooperation of two great civilisations

  34. 11/11 16:16

    Greek President Pavlopoulos: Significant upgrade of relations with China

  35. 11/11 14:44

    China to host year of culture and tourism with Greece in 2021

  36. 11/11 01:54

    Israel-Hellenic Forum organizes first meeting in Jerusalem on November 12-14

  37. 10/11 19:50

    Greek FM: Turkey’s insistence on distorting history unbecoming of a modern state

  38. 10/11 19:39

    Prime Minister notes Greece’s 200th Independence event time to reflect

  39. 10/11 19:32

    Greek police conclude search of Economic University premises in Athens

  40. 10/11 19:23

    Greek competition commission makes surprise inspection at banks' HQs

  41. 10/11 19:12

    Greek Foreign Minister: Time for the 'Nicosia Wall' to come down as well

  42. 10/11 14:44

    Prime Minister: Slowly but surely, security and order restored in Greece

  43. 10/11 14:21

    Receipts demand is not for all categories of citizens in Greece as of 2020

  44. 10/11 14:07

    Winning streak of Kenyan runners at Athens Authentic Marathon continues

  45. 10/11 12:29

    Chinese President Xi Jinping visiting Greece from November 10-12

  46. 10/11 01:40

    Presentation of the Greek Diaspora Fellowship Program in Athens

  47. 10/11 00:10

    Cosco subsidiary purchases 60% of the share capital of Greece-based Pearl

  48. 09/11 21:01

    American basketball coach Rick Pitino to coach the Greek national team

  49. 09/11 20:57

    Greek and Turkish FM meeting focuses on bilateral and regional issues

  50. 09/11 20:51

    New Greek film “Few Hours in Athens” wins prestigious Hollywood awards

  51. 09/11 20:46

    New credit upgrades show Greece is gradually closing investment-grade gap

  52. 09/11 20:38

    Trump’s tariffs aggravate Greek fruit producers

  53. 09/11 14:40

    Greek Shipping Minister meets with Cosco and Piraeus Port Authority leadership

  54. 09/11 14:14

    Greek Minister: Hollywood subsidiary to build filming studio near Thessaloniki

  55. 09/11 14:01

    Short film marks Greece’s eternal connection with olive trees

  56. 09/11 11:44

    Proastiakos suburban railway scheduled to change on Sunday and Monday

  57. 08/11 17:51

    Greek Prime Minister meets with chiefs of CDP and TERNA SpA

  58. 08/11 17:41

    Debt settlement scheme for pension funds shows impressive results in Greece

  59. 08/11 17:31

    American B-52 bomber airplane deployed in Greece for the first time

  60. 08/11 17:15

    Political debate over pork-and-booze fest plan near Greece refugee camp

  61. 08/11 16:38

    Tourism Minister: Greece has a strong tourist product that generates interest

  62. 08/11 16:07

    Greece's borrowing cost falls lower than Italy’s for first time since 2008

  63. 08/11 14:46

    Greek and Russian Foreign Ministers shake hands on renewing relations

  64. 08/11 14:39

    Cyprus signs agreement for offshore gas concession with triple consortium

  65. 08/11 14:32

    Travel through Homer’s Odyssey in northern Greek city of Thessaloniki

  66. 08/11 12:23

    Tax relief for businesses, investors and households in Greece

  67. 08/11 10:55

    Authentic Marathon and smaller races to affect traffic in Athens on Nov. 9-10

  68. 07/11 23:52

    New defense cooperation deals signed between Greece, Cyprus and Egypt

  69. 07/11 23:45

    Cypriot Finance Minister admits golden visa gaps and mistakes

  70. 07/11 23:29

    Rabih Mroué presents two dance pieces at the Onassis Stegi in Athens

  71. 07/11 23:22

    Greek telecom OTE Group reports improved results for Q3 2019

  72. 07/11 23:10

    Reuters: Presidents Trump and Xi may sign US-China trade agreement in Greece

  73. 07/11 23:09

    FM spokesperson: Greece remains a pioneer of Western Balkans' EU accession

  74. 07/11 22:44

    Turkey awaits court ruling to turn museums of Aghia Sophia into mosques

  75. 07/11 21:26

    2019 to be top wine production year in a decade for Northern Greece

  76. 07/11 21:04

    Commissioner Moscovici: Greece cannot keep achieving 3.5% surpluses forever

  77. 07/11 20:44

    New UNWTO report: Tourism leading other global sectors in promoting gender equality

  78. 07/11 20:26

    Presentations on lost ancient statue of Athena Parthenos at Acropolis Museum

  79. 07/11 18:16

    IATA: Air passenger demand continues on moderate upward path

  80. 07/11 16:45

    Education Tourism: Greek students win first prize at MIT global competition

  81. 07/11 16:12

    Greek unemployment rate dropped to 16.7 pct of the workforce in August

  82. 07/11 16:05

    Gulf Air: New route Bahrain-Mykonos-Athens in 2020

  83. 07/11 14:59

    European Union Commission: Greek economy to grow 1.8% in 2019 and 2.3% in 2020

  84. 07/11 12:37

    Parliament President opens 'Greece 2021' committee proceedings

  85. 07/11 12:03

    Negative yield recorded in yet another Greek three-month bond issue

  86. 07/11 10:55

    European Bank of Reconstruction and Development revises Greek economic growth forecasts

  87. 07/11 10:14

    Cyprus Minister of Tourism expresses satisfaction over WTM 2019 outcome

  88. 06/11 23:47

    Vivaldi’s “Four Seasons” reimagined at Greek National Opera in Athens

  89. 06/11 23:08

    Police Delta squad to hit streets in Athens again this weekend

  90. 06/11 22:46

    Queensland library to virtually revive early 20th century Greek cafes in Australia

  91. 06/11 22:34

    AP: Cyprus "golden passports” to be revoked if wrongdoing discovered

  92. 06/11 22:05

    City Break report: Cherish a romantic experience in Athens during Autumn

  93. 06/11 22:01

    Top tips for attracting Chinese visitors unveiled at WTM London 2019

  94. 06/11 20:15

    Greek Minister meets State Department's Deputy Assistant Secretary on energy

  95. 06/11 20:01

    Draft law to improve primary residence protection scheme in Greece

  96. 06/11 19:47

    Airbnb to ban party houses following multiple deaths in California shooting

  97. 06/11 18:48

    Two six-million-year old new species of snakes found in northern Greece

  98. 06/11 18:30

    Foreign Minister hopes for 'new chapter in Greece's relations with Russia'

  99. 06/11 15:16

    Greek President calls from Yerevan on Turkey to recognize Armenian genocide

  100. 06/11 14:03

    EU deal with China on protection of Greek geographical indication products