Aristotle University study: Ancient Greeks drank beer 4,000 years ago

Α Decrease font Enlarge font
Aristotle University study: Ancient Greeks drank beer 4,000 years agoArchaeologists have discovered seeds for the brewing of beer

Ancient Greeks may be known for their love of wine, but it seems they also had an affinity to beer, according to a study by the Aristotle University of the northern city of Thessaloniki.

Two Bronze Age brewers that were recently unearthed prove that Greeks would brew beer on a regular basis 4,000 years ago.

Archaeologists from the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki located several archaeobotanical remains of a cereal that could have been used in beer brewing. Similar remains found in the Archontiko area in the island of Corfu were also discovered in Argissa in Zakynthos.

At Archontiko, archaeologists found about 100 individual cereal seeds dating back to the early Bronze Age from 2100 to 2000 BC. In Argissa, they found about 3,500 cereal seeds going back to the Bronze Age, approximately from 2100 to 1700 BC.

Moreover, archaeologists discovered a two-room structure that seems to have been carefully constructed to maintain low temperatures in the Archontiko area, suggesting it was used to process the cereals for beer under the right conditions.

This discovery is the earliest known evidence of beer consumption in Greece, but not in the planet.

One of the oldest beverages humans have produced

Beer is one of the oldest beverages humans have produced, dating back to at least the 5th millennium BC in Iran, and was recorded in the written history of ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia and spread throughout the world.

As almost any cereal containing certain sugars can undergo spontaneous fermentation due to wild yeasts in the air, it is possible that beer-like beverages were independently developed throughout the world soon after a tribe or culture had domesticated cereal. Chemical tests of ancient pottery jars reveal that beer was produced as far back as about 7,000 years ago in what is today Iran. This discovery reveals one of the earliest known uses of fermentation and is the earliest evidence of brewing to date. In Mesopotamia, the oldest evidence of beer is believed to be a 6,000-year-old Sumerian tablet depicting people drinking a beverage through reed straws from a communal bowl. A 3900-year-old Sumerian poem honouring Ninkasi, the patron goddess of brewing, contains the oldest surviving beer recipe, describing the production of beer from barley via bread. In China, residue on pottery dating from between 5400 and 4900 years ago shows beer was brewed using barley and other grains.

The invention of bread and beer has been argued to be responsible for humanity's ability to develop technology and build civilization.The earliest chemically confirmed barley beer to date was discovered at Godin Tepe in the central Zagros Mountains of Iran, where fragments of a jug, from between 5400 and 5000 years ago was found to be coated with beerstone, a by-product of the brewing process.

Beer may have been known in Neolithic Europe as far back as 5,000 years ago, and was mainly brewed on a domestic scale.

RELATED TOPICS: GreeceGreek tourism newsTourism in GreeceGreek islandsHotels in GreeceTravel to GreeceGreek destinations Greek travel marketGreek tourism statisticsGreek tourism report

Photo Source: Wikimedia Commons Copyright: Zde License: CC-BY-SA 

Tornos
  1. 25/11 16:06

    Eminent Greek artists, jewelers and more donate items for THI’s online auction

  2. 25/11 15:56

    SNFCC becomes again most magical Christmas destination in Athens

  3. 25/11 12:51

    Tourism Minister: 12th Conference of Selectour in Greece a vote of confidence

  4. 25/11 12:10

    Total subsidy for electricity in Greece during December reaches €435 million

  5. 25/11 11:02

    Council of State: Mandatory vaccination of Greek health workers unconstitutional

  6. 24/11 21:51

    Ermou street of Athens in top 15 most expensive shopping streets in the world

  7. 24/11 21:39

    24th Annual Capital Link Invest in Greece Forum on December 9 in New York

  8. 24/11 21:23

    Italian WWII submarine wreckage discovered off Greek island of Mykonos

  9. 24/11 21:09

    European flights' passengers will be able to use 5G on their mobile phones

  10. 24/11 20:59

    Greece and Australia deal to avoid double taxation boosts economic relations

  11. 24/11 20:47

    94.6% of Greece's pensioners to see hike in pay cheques as of January 1

  12. 24/11 19:33

    Energy Minister: Greece is asking for a 150-200 euro cap on natural gas

  13. 24/11 18:16

    Warply: Over 90,000 consumers have used 'household basket' app in Greece

  14. 24/11 14:47

    Municipality of Athens gets closer to its citizens through Viber app

  15. 23/11 19:33

    HACC offers Thanksgiving wishes and support for children in need

  16. 23/11 19:27

    “Black Friday” hype engulfs consumers across Greece

  17. 23/11 19:02

    Athens road traffic restrictions on Thursday for 7th Authentic Phidippides Run

  18. 23/11 16:49

    New initiative: “Medical Visa” the next step to encourage visits to Greece

  19. 23/11 16:22

    Hellenic Republic President at Cerebral Palsy Greece/Open Door event

  20. 23/11 15:18

    German Ambassador to Athens: Greece has made significant progress in modernisation

  21. 23/11 14:13

    New reductions of up to -18.1% in total cost of 'household basket' in Greece

  22. 23/11 13:38

    Greek FinMin: New chapter for the country and return to European normality

  23. 23/11 12:07

    UNWTO: Global tourism recovery speeds up to reach 65% of pre-pandemic levels

  24. 23/11 11:53

    U.S. Athens Embassy and Thessaloniki Consulate closed on November 24

  25. 22/11 19:43

    FM: Greece to boost relations with Latin America and Caribbean countries

  26. 22/11 19:37

    Greece and Egypt sign MoU on aeronautics, maritime search and rescue

  27. 22/11 19:27

    AP report: Thanksgiving might bring changes in holiday-travel habits

  28. 22/11 19:21

    US-German firm Linde commences hydrogen production in Greece

  29. 22/11 19:18

    53,800 Covid cases and 147 fatalities recorded in Greece on November 14-20

  30. 22/11 18:48

    Cyprus Transport Minister: Tourist arrivals of 2023 may surpass those of 2019

  31. 22/11 17:14

    Vaccination centres in Cyprus will be open on Saturdays, November 26, December 3

  32. 22/11 15:33

    Media: Uncertified Cypriot cheese factories can still export halloumi

  33. 22/11 14:57

    Athens Walking Tours: Guided tours in Athens followed the best forecast scenario in 2022

  34. 22/11 12:11

    Shops will open in Greece on Sunday, 27 November

  35. 22/11 11:41

    Limassol Book Fair aims to fill the gaps in the Cypriot book market

  36. 21/11 20:12

    Lufthansa Airline to hire 20,000 employees in Europe amid strong recovery

  37. 21/11 20:04

    AHI takes part in PSEKA Conference marking somber Cyprus anniversary

  38. 21/11 20:01

    Greek Finance Ministry tables 2023 state budget to Parliament

  39. 21/11 19:56

    UK Ex-Culture Secretary wants Parthenon Marbles returned to Greece

  40. 21/11 19:48

    13.4 billion euros in EU funding greenlighted for Greece's agricultural sector

  41. 21/11 19:28

    The Cretan Lifestyle Conference: Exploring wellness, food and culture

  42. 21/11 18:07

    Biggest ever flight programme from Cyprus by Ryanair in summer 2023 launched

  43. 21/11 12:16

    PHILOXENIA 2022: Greece remains among the top tourism destinations

  44. 21/11 10:53

    Greek PM: Every day we work to make the life of every citizen better

  45. 19/11 19:49

    United Nations World Tourism Organization connects sector and culture in Nigeria

  46. 18/11 15:38

    Event-debate on new tourism season's challenges at Philoxenia 2022

  47. 18/11 15:33

    United States Antiquities Officials train law enforcement in Greece

  48. 18/11 12:27

    Hellenic Air Force Museum opens to the public in Attica on Monday

  49. 18/11 11:42

    Railway connection between Rio and Patras port enters final stage

  50. 18/11 10:46

    Mosaics House in Sparta city showcases Roman mosaics of Europa and Orpheus

  51. 17/11 19:20

    38 Hellenic-American politicians win in the U.S. 2022 mid-term elections

  52. 17/11 19:15

    UNWTO at COP27: Uniting sector around tangible climate action plans

  53. 17/11 18:49

    Lonely Planet: Halkidiki ranks first the travel destinations "to unwind" in 2023

  54. 17/11 18:31

    Athens closes down as Polytechnic march toward US Embassy underway (video)

  55. 17/11 17:59

    Greek PM from Delphi: Protection of world heritage and nature go together

  56. 17/11 16:26

    Tourist arrivals in Cyprus rise 2.3% in October 2022

  57. 17/11 16:20

    Health Ministry: Flu vaccination without prescription soon in Greece

  58. 17/11 15:39

    Greece and Austria boost cooperation on climate crisis and civil protection

  59. 17/11 15:11

    Greek Defense Minister to meet with visiting Israeli counterpart in Athens

  60. 17/11 11:04

    UNWTO Gastronomy Tourism Forum in Japan

  61. 16/11 17:24

    Two green sea turtles return to their natural habitat in Cyprus

  62. 16/11 16:59

    Greek tankers seized by Iran allowed to depart for Piraeus port on Wednesday

  63. 16/11 15:02

    EU Commission pushes to add Bulgaria, Croatia, Romania to free-travel zone

  64. 16/11 14:44

    Hermes chief: Air traffic to surpass 9 million passengers in 2022

  65. 16/11 13:47

    EPP: Greece, Italy and Cyprus must not be left to deal with migration alone

  66. 15/11 23:43

    Hellenic American Women’s Council hosts “Your Health and Wellness” conference

  67. 15/11 21:12

    PM at Axia discussion: Greece offering great investment opportunities in 2023

  68. 15/11 19:49

    First Tesla dealership to officially open in Greece on Monday, November 21

  69. 15/11 19:16

    UNWTO promotes people's role and MSMES as sector transformation agents

  70. 15/11 18:36

    55,917 Covid cases and 115 fatalities in Greece on November 7-13

  71. 15/11 17:54

    Media report: Greece to impose new laws on Airbnbs

  72. 15/11 13:24

    National Polytechnic of Athens commemorates 49th uprising anniversary

  73. 14/11 21:06

    UNESCO: 50th Conference for Protection of Cultural and Natural Heritage at Delphi

  74. 14/11 21:00

    Health Ministry: Updated COVID vaccines at vaccination centers in Cyprus

  75. 14/11 20:50

    Road traffic restrictions to come into effect in Athens on Tuesday

  76. 14/11 19:57

    Greece, Egypt and Cyprus meet in Cairo to discuss diaspora issues

  77. 14/11 18:53

    Greek passport ranks eighth most powerful in the world index

  78. 14/11 17:43

    Greece raises 200 million euros from reissue of 10-year bond today

  79. 14/11 15:19

    4 in 10 consumers bought products from the 'household basket' in Greece

  80. 14/11 12:29

    World Travel Awards 2022: Greek Tourism clinches global distinctions (video)

  81. 13/11 22:08

    Dormition Church Invites community to mark ‘A Byzantine Christmas’ on December 17

  82. 13/11 19:54

    AFP feature: Greek farmers turning to smart methods growing and producing

  83. 13/11 18:48

    Greek athletes win 39th Athens Marathon

  84. 13/11 17:37

    AP: Bomb hits major Istanbul avenue killing six and wounding dozens

  85. 12/11 20:46

    International Air Transport Association sets priorities for Asia-Pacific Post COVID

  86. 12/11 16:05

    Greek Foreign Ministry expresses sadness on bus accident in Egypt

  87. 11/11 23:32

    Roman building’s remains unearthed at central Athens square

  88. 11/11 21:04

    Hellenic Republic Asset Development Fund: Alexandroupolis port sale officially off

  89. 11/11 18:16

    Athens Mayor marries couple with a Panda as the Best Man

  90. 11/11 18:06

    Media report: Cheap airfares aren’t coming back according to airline execs

  91. 10/11 23:37

    U.S. Embassy in Athens and Thessaloniki Consulate General closed on November 11

  92. 10/11 23:18

    Greek PM: The government will support farmers and livestock breeders

  93. 10/11 21:23

    Greek FM meeting with visiting Lebanese counterpart in Athens on Friday

  94. 10/11 21:10

    Covid-19 vaccination platform for children under four opening in Greece on Friday

  95. 10/11 20:32

    Greek Prime Minister outlines key incentives for film industry at 63rd TIFF

  96. 10/11 18:46

    Audiovisual walks with enhanced Google tech launched by Greek tourism ministry

  97. 10/11 18:36

    HEPI: Greece among cheapest EU countries for household energy costs

  98. 10/11 13:27

    UNWTO: Women’s empowerment ‘centre stage’ of sector's restart

  99. 10/11 12:57

    Ai Stratis to become the first completely green island in Greece

  100. 10/11 11:03

    Environmental Assessment Certification to Airports and GSPs to be expanded