Neolithic and Bronze Age finds at the Prasteio-Mesorotsos archaeological expedition in Cyprus

Α Decrease font Enlarge font
Neolithic and Bronze Age finds at the Prasteio-Mesorotsos archaeological expedition in CyprusCircular stone and plaster structure dating to the Aceramic Neolithic period (north arrow sits on the top of the structure)

The Cyprus Department of Antiquities, Ministry of Transport, Communications and Works, announces the completion of the 2018 University of Edinburgh archaeological investigations at the multi-period site of Prastio-Mesorotsos in the Pafos district. Excavations were conducted from 27 June to 8 August 2018 under the direction of Dr. Andrew McCarthy, Fellow of the School of History, Classics and Archaeology at the University of Edinburgh. The project involves the cooperation of an international team of specialists and field school students. The site is situated around a prominent rocky outcrop in the Dhiarizos Valley, and commands dramatic views to both the mountains and the sea. Its location in the valley and easy access to abundant natural resources probably had a great deal to do with the site’s extraordinary longevity. In the tenth excavation season at the site, the team excavated in four areas, exposing prehistoric remains from the Neolithic, Chalcolithic and the Early and Middle Bronze Ages, as well as the remains of a 19th century house.

In Area V an impressive upstanding structure was uncovered in contexts dating to the Aceramic Neolithic period (c. 6000 BC), representing a very rare find of a built structure from this period. The feature is still enigmatic because of the keyhole exposure, but it appears to be a circular stone structure topped with plaster, resembling circular platforms from Kritou Marottou-Ais Yiorkis, although it could also be a wall of a small building similar to those found at Khirokitia. Above this circular structure were Late (Ceramic) Neolithic deposits that continued in use for several phases. This appears to be an unbroken sequence from the Aceramic into the Ceramic Neolithic period, potentially shedding light on a poorly understood period of Cypriot prehistory.

In Area IV evidence for Early Bronze Age (c. 2000 BC) occupation was located in an extension of a previously excavated roundhouse where excavations revealed a large open bowl with an unusual knobbed interior base sitting directly on the floor. The bowl had been placed into a special setting surrounded by stones within the larger arc of the roundhouse, indicating a place of special significance. The size of the bowl also suggests something other than everyday eating and could indicate feasting activities. This building’s use would have been contemporary with the construction of the famous ‘Vounous Bowl’ with its complex depiction of a building model and humans and animals within it. In the Bronze Age rectilinear architecture was common, but the fact that this building from Prasteio and the ‘Vounous Bowl’ are both curvilinear and feature areas of special communal significance provide tantalizing clues as to the nature of each.

 Area IV occupational deposit dating to the Early Cypriot Bronze Age, with large bowl found on the floor


The settlement, its architecture and probably lifestyle in general, was significantly reconfigured in the Middle Cypriot period (c.1900 BC). This reconfiguration is accompanied by a massive series of terraces seen in several areas of the site, a new style of rectilinear architecture and new elements of material culture. These changes represent a new trajectory for the village which moved toward growing social stratification and architectural sophistication, culminating eventually in the abandonment of the site towards the end of the period. The final prehistoric activities on the site were investigated in Area XI where the remains are extremely well preserved, in some cases more than 2m in height. This is probably due to the deliberate infilling of the internal spaces during the terracing event. The interior spaces in the well-preserved rooms were excavated this season and on the first terrace a plaster floor with an animal (bull) protome figurine resting on the surface was found. This gives further evidence for the types of activities that took place in this space and for the type of society in the Middle Cypriot period at the site.  

Because this site is reported to have been the hideout of the infamous Hassanpoulia gang from the 19th century, the team felt it was important to recover any information that might assist understand the more recent periods of occupation on the site too. A previously identified standing building that was believed to be a 19th or 20th century AD farmhouse was investigated this season and materials were recovered that will help to shed light on the British Colonial period at the site and its unique place in the folk history of the island.

 

Tornos
  1. 17/09 23:04

    Greek Tourism Minister meets South Korean counterpart

  2. 17/09 22:54

    Egnatia motorway, Alexandroupolis and Kavala ports on Greek privatization agency's priority list

  3. 17/09 22:50

    Thessaloniki International Fair attracted around 284,000 visitors in September 8-16

  4. 17/09 22:34

    Fourni becomes the first independent energy community on the Greek islands

  5. 17/09 22:27

    Minoan Lines inaugurates new sea route from Souda in Crete to Piraeus Port

  6. 17/09 22:07

    Hospitalitynet report: How can Artificial Intelligence boost hotel experience

  7. 17/09 20:51

    ‘Let’s Go Greek’ festival amazes Sydney

  8. 17/09 20:16

    Greece to re-examine safety in seven famous beaches of Ionian Sea

  9. 17/09 19:46

    €95 million upgrade of Thessaloniki's Macedonia Airport to commence this week

  10. 17/09 16:41

    Grivalia Properties purchases 49% stake in Piraeus Port Plaza 2

  11. 17/09 15:15

    €1.11 billion offered for 20-year extension of Athens Airport concession agreement

  12. 17/09 15:07

    Short Film Festival in northern Greek city of Drama

  13. 17/09 14:02

    NYSPCC 2018 Food and Wine gala on November 6

  14. 17/09 13:48

    Greek President inaugurates 6th annual "Athens Democracy Forum"

  15. 17/09 13:15

    Bronze age structures revealed by excavations at Erimi-Laonin of Porakos in Cyprus

  16. 17/09 12:01

    Wellness Tourism report: Greek bliss on your yoga mat

  17. 17/09 10:28

    Tranio: Greece offers the cheapest Golden Visa program with €250,000 only

  18. 16/09 20:42

    Trump imposes tariffs on about $200 billion more in Chinese products

  19. 16/09 14:01

    Greece to host European Sea Scouting Seminar Eurosea in 2020

  20. 16/09 13:57

    Greek railways to upgrade its services and train stations

  21. 16/09 13:50

    Agios Emilianos in Peloponnese Riviera offers stunning resorts and villas (video)

  22. 16/09 13:46

    International interest in Athens Elliniko casino permit grows

  23. 16/09 13:39

    Athens-Washington discuss new U.S. Army base on Greek island of Karpathos

  24. 16/09 13:32

    Greek Main Opposition leader at TIF again requests Diaspora vote (video)

  25. 16/09 12:27

    Greek Finance Minister: New relaxation on capital controls very soon

  26. 16/09 11:45

    Greek Piraeus Port Authority signs third MoU with Chinese port Guangzhou

  27. 16/09 10:22

    Greek-American managers at 83rd TIF: Greece needs a stable taxation system

  28. 16/09 09:43

    Goran Bregovic to perform live in Larissa city of Thessaly on Sunday

  29. 15/09 20:17

    Isabella Rossellini show at Athens Concert Hall on October 20

  30. 15/09 18:04

    Sani Resort in Chalkidiki replaces all plastic straws with biodegradable ones

  31. 15/09 17:58

    Discover the largest swimming pools in the world

  32. 15/09 13:51

    Etihad extends content, merchandising and mobile deals with Travelport

  33. 15/09 12:47

    The 4th Gastronomy Festival in Kardamena of Kos island (video)

  34. 15/09 11:35

    "Wheel of Fortune" beauty Julia Nova makes splash in Mykonos beach (video)

  35. 15/09 10:24

    Pafos site in ‘World Heritage Journeys’ sustainable travel web platform

  36. 14/09 21:36

    Inside the Forbidden City in Athens between September 15 - February 14

  37. 14/09 21:29

    The Guardian praises Athens as tourist destination

  38. 14/09 21:22

    Russian tycoon begins €184 million development on former Onassis island

  39. 14/09 21:15

    Burger Fest in Athens between September 14-16

  40. 14/09 20:10

    Museum and archaeological site visits up in Greece during May

  41. 14/09 19:01

    Turkey’s Constitutional Court rejects conversion of Hagia Sophia to Mosque

  42. 14/09 18:44

    New Greek chef cookbook with 100 updated recipes

  43. 14/09 17:56

    Athens Philharmonia Orchestra performance at Benaki Museum on September 16

  44. 14/09 15:51

    Zakynthos officials close Navagio Beach to bathers and boats (video)

  45. 14/09 15:44

    Passenger traffic at Greek airports in January-August 2018 soar by 9.9%

  46. 14/09 15:39

    Privatization agency extends Athens International Airport concession for 20 years

  47. 14/09 14:05

    Greek investors to construct ship-building plant in Niger-Delta of Africa

  48. 14/09 13:46

    Road Tourism report: 13 tips on how to drive safely in Greece

  49. 14/09 12:00

    "Philotimo" scholarship competition for Greek-American students (video)

  50. 14/09 10:27

    Technical college of Crete to receive €1.2 million through EU regional funds

  51. 13/09 21:59

    Cyprus and Egypt aim at further promoting their relations in tourism

  52. 13/09 21:48

    Invest Cyprus to promote the filming industry in the island

  53. 13/09 21:40

    Europarliament discusses additional help to Greece on regional funds

  54. 13/09 21:32

    First prison sentence for fake reviews on TripAdvisor

  55. 13/09 21:26

    The 50th Thessaloniki International Fair Rally kicks off on Saturday

  56. 13/09 21:24

    Australian TV to host show about Greek islands of Serifos and Milos

  57. 13/09 21:09

    Athens International Airport expands to keep up with growing demand

  58. 13/09 21:01

    1st Family Olympics and Olympic Run on Sunday in Thessaloniki

  59. 13/09 20:17

    TripAdvisor: Athens Walking Tours among the top 10 cultural experiences in the world

  60. 13/09 19:09

    USS Mout Whitney an imposing sight off the Greek port of Thessaloniki

  61. 13/09 15:54

    Samaria gorge in Crete to close down on Friday after heavy rainfall

  62. 13/09 12:55

    3rd Athens Coffee Festival to open its gates on September 29

  63. 13/09 12:45

    US Secretary of Commerce: Greece offers opportunities for top tourism investment

  64. 13/09 12:10

    Greek students conquer Mount Olympus in Thessaly

  65. 13/09 11:26

    Why Greece was voted as the best place in the world to travel with kids

  66. 13/09 09:56

    Four international gaming groups request info on Helleniko license tender

  67. 13/09 09:05

    Travel products lead online sales in Greece through mobile devices

  68. 12/09 22:02

    Greek Hotel federation president: 60,000 properties in Greece listed on Airbnb-like platforms

  69. 12/09 21:04

    Neolithic and Bronze Age finds at the Prasteio-Mesorotsos archaeological expedition in Cyprus

  70. 12/09 20:27

    Infographic: The cities with the most ultra-rich residents in the world

  71. 12/09 18:50

    TUI Germany: Crete, Rhodes, and Kos top last-minute destinations for summer 2018

  72. 12/09 17:44

    Greek tourism sector turnover grows in Q2 2018

  73. 12/09 16:53

    Edward Kennedy Square on Greek island of Paxos commemorates late U.S. senator

  74. 12/09 16:09

    Ryanair launches new Thessaloniki-Malta connection in summer 2019

  75. 12/09 15:44

    Why Greek coffee is the healthiest in the world

  76. 12/09 13:35

    Greek industrial output up by 1.9% year-on-year in July

  77. 12/09 13:06

    Ryanair strike on Wednesday to affect flights to and from Greece

  78. 12/09 10:15

    Pasolini Tribute in Athens between September 12-20

  79. 11/09 22:04

    Cultural Tourism report: Greece entry for 2019 Oscars unveiled (video)

  80. 11/09 21:57

    P100 – Planet Technopolis: a two-day festival in Athens for the whole family

  81. 11/09 21:00

    London Greek Film Festival launches International Literature Competition

  82. 11/09 20:47

    Greek and Norwegian foreign ministers talk on broadening ties

  83. 11/09 20:39

    Draft bill of legal framework for seaplane routes tabled in Greece

  84. 11/09 19:00

    Trivago: The absolute hotel trends to watch in 2018 according to the travel industry

  85. 11/09 18:34

    Carlos Acosta dance show in Athens Herod Atticus Theater on September 26

  86. 11/09 18:18

    Woman marries herself in Greek island of Santorini after fiance dumps her

  87. 11/09 17:49

    US investment interest in Elefsina and Skaramangas shipyards in Greece

  88. 11/09 16:12

    Byzantine History exhibition in Athens until October 10

  89. 11/09 14:08

    Stavros Niarchos Park in Athens wins European Garden award in design

  90. 11/09 12:03

    "Greek Seas" photo show at Athens International Airport until December 31

  91. 11/09 10:58

    Slovak officials to visit Greek island of Crete on Thursday

  92. 10/09 22:50

    Passenger arrivals in Rhodes island airport soar by 3.2% in August

  93. 10/09 22:36

    US ambassador inaugurates FoodUSA forum at Thessaloniki International Fair

  94. 10/09 20:43

    Hollywood actor James Franco enjoys Mykonos vacation (video)

  95. 10/09 20:32

    Realtors' body: Hints of recovery in Greek property market

  96. 10/09 18:45

    Adaptation of Sophocles’ Oedipus at Colonus enchants New York

  97. 10/09 18:29

    One act opera 'Hera' in Greek island of Delos between October 6-7

  98. 10/09 17:58

    THI Australia funds upgrade of Paediatric centres in Kastoria and Ioannina

  99. 10/09 17:49

    Djokovic wins US Open shouting “This is Sparta” with Gerard Butler (video)

  100. 10/09 16:25

    Boissonnas photo exhibition in Thessaloniki until September 15