New riverside Neolithic settlement discovered in Trita Koromilia, Kastoria in northern Greece

Α Decrease font Enlarge font
New riverside Neolithic settlement discovered in Trita Koromilia, Kastoria in northern GreeceThe new riverside settlement is expected to unveil new important information on Neolithic life in the area

In the framework of the work for the construction of the project "Vertical Axis 45 Egnatia Odos, Siatista-Kristallopigi", in the location "Trita" of the Municipality of Koromilia of the Municipality of Kastoria, in the period from October 2013 to January 2015, a large excavation a group headed by the archeologist-prehistorologist Georgatos Stratoulis, initially responsible for the former Ephorate of Prehistoric and Classical Antiquities, and since November 2014 the newly established Ephorate of Antiquities of Kastoria, revealed an area of 2,200 sq.m. of a new riparian settlement of the Modern Neolithic period (Fig. 1-2).

This new prehistoric site, at an altitude of about 650 m, is developed on the west bank of the river Livadopotamos - Aliakmonas branch, close to the point of its contribution to the large waterfall of Susitsa, 7 km to the northwest of the city of Kastoria and 800 m. SW from the village of Koromilia (fig. 3).

The extent of the site - after performing more than 70 test sections - is estimated at about 30 acres. Its chronological range seems to cover, according to four currently existing radiodestations and the testimony of clay vessels, the end of the 6th and the largest part of the 5th millennium, c. 5200-4300 BC, while the recognition in the immediate future archaeological material and a newer period of use of the site. According to the above, the settlement at Trito Koromilia was, to a large extent, contemporary with the Neolithic settlement of Avgi (8 km south), the Neolithic settlement of Dispilio (11 km southeast), the neighboring neolithic settlement of Kolokynthos km southeast) and the neighboring cave "Sources of Koromilia", in the well-known gorge of the area with drinking water sources, from which the city of Kastoria is supplied. Trito Koromilia is now added to the prehistoric landscape and the Neolithic intercommunal network of Kastoria Regional Unity, which is expected to enrich with new important information on Neolithic life in the area (Fig. 4).

The environmental features of the modern landscape in Trito-Koromilia probably prevailed in prehistoric times. Predominant elements of the site were the Livadopotamos and the Sushitsa stream, which during periods of intense rainfall transports and deposits voluminous materials, contributing to the perpetual formation and change of the landscape. In addition, among the hills in the north and northeast of the site, the Livadopotamos Gorge was created, which continuously feeds the area with northern cold winds. The duration and intensity of the winds, coupled with intense rainfall, made the excavation process extremely difficult and created many questions about why prehistoric societies chose to be active in the area. However, the variety of microenvironments in the vicinity of the site, such as the richness of surface water, and therefore in fertile fields and abundance of meadows, as well as plenty of source of drinking water, and the presence of semi-mountainous and mountainous areas combined with the potential to supply various mineral raw materials from parent rocks in the wider area as well as sloping materials in the ditches and the banks of adjacent rivers and streams, it seems to have been an extremely useful and interesting site of activity.

The composition of the placements and the archaeological material

The most characteristic element in the stratigraphy and the composition of the placement of the position is the identification of a number of successive flood and deposition episodes. We also note the extremely high humidity of the area (Fig. 5), which should be due to the lack of organic residues, especially bones and shingles.

Archaeological plots in Trito Koromilia are characterized by the presence of pits with special stratigraphy, from small thermal constructions, a multitude of stone tools (eg sanders and grinders for grain milling, percussion drills, ears, pliers, and blades with a stylus for cutting plant elements) and a large number of clay vessels (Fig. 6). The shape of the pits is usually circular or elliptical with dimensions ranging from 0.80 m to 4.0 m. They sometimes appear independent in space and sometimes in direct contact with each other, giving the impression of clusters. Their stratigraphy exhibits common features: their lower substrates are black / greyish, with a high percentage of organic residues and abundant finds. On the contrary, their upper layers are dominated by the powerful ceramics - from the influence of fire - building clays (from walls and floors of structures / structures), while the movable finds are almost non-existent, with the exception of the large number of vases usually found between the claws . The presence of piles in the pits of the pits, combined with the large volume of clay in their upper layers and their location and clusters, seems to support the view that the pits were complex structures with elevated and roofed terraces for periodic and / or occasional stays, and cobblestones activities.

A special element of Neolithic Koromilia is also the numerous thermal constructions, elliptical, rectangular or horseshoe shaped (Fig. 7). They were found both inside the pits and in open spaces. These are hobs and ovens (0,40 m-1 m in diameter) with clay floors. For the construction of the vaulted skeleton - according to the imprints of the building towers - branches were used, often in knitting, sometimes combined with thin trunks. In other cases, the superstructure was formed by a mixture of building clay and straw without the addition of a wooden skeleton. Structures usually reside in small clusters and in very few cases they appear spatially independent. In their immediate region mainly intact vases were found, while rarely tertiary and pyriolithic tools, as well as other objects of the cultural material of the place. In the periphery of some thermal constructions, pseudotripes were identified, indicating that some of them had a roof.

The character of the installation

The Neolithic settlement in Trito Korymilia, due to the environmental conditions prevailing in the area and, in addition, the composition of the site's archaeological material, is not a typical example of a residential unit. Pits must have had a complex biography, with varied, perhaps diversified over time, such as temporary housing and hosting, or even wasteful practices.

It is envisaged that the Third Quarter was a special place that the Neolithic inhabitants of the wider region, as well as other northern groups, would use intermittently, perhaps the warmer periods of the year, to complete certain activities, while exploiting abundant lump of raw materials, exchanging varied knowledge, and other important social information. Special activities include, for example, grazing on the rich riparian meadows of the area demanding quantities of cattle feed and water (Fig. 8), and the cultivation of barley, a predominant type of cereal in the archaeobotanic remains of the position , whose early types had a short maturation period alongside high yield crops, as well as adaptability to soil-climatic conditions.

The further study of the archaeological material from the new prehistoric site in Trito Koromilia is expected to enrich neolithic research with interesting data on spatial organization, structures and structures in special environmental conditions. In addition, it is a food for thinking and new approaches in the field of management of the inter-communal space, especially the inter-communal communication and exchange networks.

RELATED TOPICS: GreeceGreek tourism newsTourism in GreeceGreek islandsHotels in GreeceTravel to GreeceGreek destinations Greek travel marketGreek tourism statisticsGreek tourism report

Photo Source: Greek Ministry of Culture

 

 

Tornos
  1. 20/08 21:13

    Hala Sultan Mosque in Larnaca not accessible to visitors on 28 August 2018

  2. 20/08 17:28

    Greek island of Chios Mastiha Shop arrives in Qatar

  3. 20/08 15:54

    Magical time-lapse of Perseid meteor shower

  4. 20/08 15:06

    Greek Culture Minister calls for new talks on Parthenon Marbles return

  5. 20/08 14:41

    Report: Why Porto Heli in Greece attracts the rich every summer

  6. 20/08 14:40

    Moscovici: Conclusion of ESM programme by Greece marks historic moment

  7. 20/08 13:32

    Coca-Cola launches new bottle inspired by Minoan civilization of Crete

  8. 20/08 12:27

    16th European Gastronomy & Wine Congress in Athens on October 19-21

  9. 20/08 11:22

    Trips of Cyprus' residents abroad grow by 9.8% in July

  10. 20/08 10:13

    Picturesque Leipsi island off Patmos becomes popular wedding destination

  11. 18/08 20:30

    “Take a picture, not a pebble” campaign to save Lalaria beach on Skiathos island

  12. 18/08 20:26

    CTO: July 2017 – July 2018 best 12 months in history of tourism in Cyprus

  13. 18/08 18:22

    TUI, Fraport, HATTA report positive figures for Greek tourism in 2018

  14. 18/08 17:17

    Greek lighthouses open to the public on Sunday for ILLW weekend 2018

  15. 18/08 16:11

    More than half a million tourists in Cyprus in July 2018

  16. 18/08 15:04

    Greek island of Corfu making strides toward wheelchair-friendly beaches

  17. 18/08 14:00

    E-platform for short-term rentals in Greece ready by end-August: Tax official

  18. 18/08 12:55

    Cyprus monuments and ancient sites open to public on the evening of August 26

  19. 18/08 11:46

    Greek Culture Minister: Film permits for ancient sites to speed up under upcoming law

  20. 18/08 11:36

    Monica Belucci enjoys summer vacation on Greek islands of Mykonos and Paros

  21. 16/08 18:06

    AP: Endangered green and loggerhead turtles make comeback in Cyprus

  22. 16/08 17:58

    New York Euripides Summer Festival presented production of "Suppliants"

  23. 16/08 17:52

    New Study: Santorini island volcano erupted after 1600 BC

  24. 16/08 16:24

    Important finds in Amarynthos of Evia In Greece confirm sanctuary belonged to Artemis

  25. 16/08 14:55

    Shipping Ministry triples outlay for port improvements across Greece

  26. 16/08 14:24

    Religious Tourism: How Greece celebrates Dormition of Virgin Mary

  27. 16/08 11:57

    Ancient Pafos Acropolis explored by Cyprus University excavations at citadel in site of Kouklia

  28. 16/08 10:51

    Greek budget records primary surplus of €2.087 billion in January-July

  29. 14/08 20:50

    Beijing municipality delegation to visit Greek port of Patras

  30. 14/08 19:44

    Religious Tourism: Panagia Fidiotissa church in Greek island of Kefalonia

  31. 14/08 17:59

    Travel report: Avoid the crowds on these tranquil Greek islands

  32. 14/08 17:16

    ‘Russian Onassis’ Dmitry Rybolovlev enjoys dinner on Mykonos island (video)

  33. 14/08 17:15

    Greek PM: e-ticket for ancient sites and museums a key change for culture

  34. 14/08 16:08

    Employment flow performance improves in Greece between January-July thanks to tourism

  35. 14/08 15:08

    Freight carriers eye domestic rail network in Greece

  36. 14/08 14:02

    TUI to bring 2.8 million tourists to Greece this year

  37. 14/08 13:59

    New companies in Greece can set up in as little as 18 minutes

  38. 14/08 12:55

    Virtuoso: Greece among top-7 luxury destinations of American tourists in 2018

  39. 13/08 21:52

    More than 300 flights to and from Cyprus' airports on 19th August

  40. 13/08 21:37

    Corfu: 1st International Conference of Diaspora Greeks with Ionian descent

  41. 13/08 21:23

    Perseid meteor shower illuminates skies over Greece

  42. 13/08 20:11

    Greek tennis star Tsitsipas rises to No 15 in world ranking

  43. 13/08 18:57

    Greek tax authorities launch “Receipt, Please” campaign for tourists

  44. 13/08 16:30

    Religious Tourism: Holy Monastery of Panagia Kera in Greek island of Crete

  45. 13/08 14:21

    The 10 countries in the world with the smallest population

  46. 13/08 12:16

    Archaeologists discover sunken Ancient Greek ship in Black Sea

  47. 13/08 10:11

    Real Estate: Building activity rises up 17.6% across Greece in May

  48. 12/08 21:05

    Canada’s biggest Street Festival in Greektown over weekend

  49. 12/08 20:58

    Gambling Tourism: Mont Parnes and Hyatt Regency post improved results in H1 2018

  50. 12/08 20:45

    Greek national film office network in public investment program

  51. 12/08 19:05

    Greek summer season peaks ahead of August 15th celebration

  52. 12/08 15:51

    8th Greek Student Film Festival in Australia seeking new entries

  53. 12/08 11:37

    Turkish lira drops further as President Trump announces United States tariffs

  54. 10/08 22:20

    European Central Bank will revoke waiver for Greek banks

  55. 10/08 22:15

    Pythagoreion Theater on Greek island of Samos hosts Young Artists Festival

  56. 10/08 21:58

    Higher turnover and passenger numbers for Fraport Greece in H1 2018

  57. 10/08 20:03

    Global passenger arrivals in Greek airports up strongly in first seven months of 2018

  58. 10/08 18:35

    Mysterious objects that have intrigued archaeologists for centuries (video)

  59. 10/08 18:24

    Greek exports rise by impressive 24.8% reaching 3 billion euros

  60. 10/08 18:10

    New York Times: Lesser known Greek white wines to savor

  61. 10/08 14:17

    Infographic: Which countries give the most paid vacations in the world

  62. 10/08 12:08

    Thessaloniki firm adds real gold to Greek Olive Oil (video)

  63. 10/08 10:55

    Precious 2,200 year-old gold earring from Hellenistic era discovered in Israel

  64. 09/08 19:44

    Pebble mosaic dating to 4th century BC discovered in Greek city of Arta

  65. 09/08 19:28

    Religious Tourism: Panagia Episkopi, the oldest church on Santorini island

  66. 09/08 18:57

    Greek scientist and researchers discover cause of Santorini volcano eruption

  67. 09/08 18:37

    Greek Epirus Village of Lia memorialized by Gage gets Art museum

  68. 09/08 17:04

    Turkey to extend Booking.com ban to Airbnb, Expedia, Skyscanner and more

  69. 09/08 16:37

    Concert for Manos Eleftheriou on August 29 to benefit wildfire victims

  70. 09/08 13:19

    Greek ferry company Minoan Lines drops plastic straws

  71. 09/08 12:08

    Gateway to Greek Olive Oil celebrates 2nd anniversary

  72. 09/08 11:47

    Report: Wild party for the rich and famous on Greek island of Mykonos

  73. 09/08 10:00

    TUI Group expects double-digit earnings growth also for 2018

  74. 08/08 20:26

    Russian tourist arrivals to Greece to grow by more than 5% this year

  75. 08/08 20:02

    Ryanair cancels 250 flights to/from Germany on August 10 due to strike

  76. 08/08 19:51

    Tax inspections on Mykonos lead to local businesses' shutdowns

  77. 08/08 19:07

    First private naval high school to open on Greek island of Chios in September

  78. 08/08 19:06

    US ambassador Geoffrey Pyatt tours and lauds Greek island of Hios

  79. 08/08 18:20

    Travel guide: Six top reasons to visit Greek city of Thessaloniki this summer

  80. 08/08 17:47

    Creative workshops for children at Athens and Epidaurus festival

  81. 08/08 17:11

    #Greece is the most popular hashtag on Instagram

  82. 08/08 16:05

    Religious Tourism: Miraculous Monastery of Panagia Malevi in Peloponnese, Greece

  83. 08/08 15:21

    New flight to link Greek island of Lesvos with Turkish port of Izmir

  84. 08/08 14:48

    Two Greek museums compete for Europe’s Best in Short Film Awards (video)

  85. 08/08 12:42

    Emirates Airlines marks 10th anniversary of A380 operations

  86. 08/08 10:25

    Report: The top-5 aphrodisiac foods preferred by Ancient Greeks

  87. 07/08 22:43

    Canvas Holidays: Nissi Beach In Cyprus among world’s best beaches

  88. 07/08 22:35

    Cretans share funny trailer to entice tourists to run in Half Marathon 2018 (video)

  89. 07/08 21:59

    Real estate companies invest in Greek tourism property market

  90. 07/08 21:11

    Russian Embassy in Athens: Greece among top choices for Russian tourists

  91. 07/08 20:36

    Greek tax inspectors move on to Paros, Santorini and Rhodes after Mykonos

  92. 07/08 15:09

    Formula 1 star Lewis Hamilton enjoys Mykonos holidays (video)

  93. 07/08 14:47

    Little Mix’s Thirlwall, Edwards and Pinnock vacation in Mykonos island

  94. 07/08 12:20

    Trivago: Athens hotel prices remain low among major European capitals in August

  95. 07/08 11:29

    Archaic building found at Despotiko island's Apollo sanctuary in Greece

  96. 07/08 10:54

    Religious Tourism guide: 10 must-see monasteries in Greece

  97. 06/08 22:44

    Greek officials crack down on tax-evasion on cosmopolitan island of Mykonos

  98. 06/08 20:56

    Passenger traffic in Cyprus airports up by 8% in January – July 2018

  99. 06/08 19:38

    145 new scholarships for 2018 by Onassis Foundation

  100. 06/08 18:35

    Greek Minister thanks Diaspora for aid to Attica fire survivors