Impressive finds from excavations in Nea Paphos by the archaeological mission of Australia

Α Decrease font Enlarge font
Impressive finds from excavations in Nea Paphos by the archaeological mission of AustraliaCyprus is one of the top destinations in the world for cultural tourism

Cyprus' Department of Antiquities, of the Ministry of Transport, Communications and Works announced the completion of the 18th season of archaeological investigations (8 October – 5 November 2017) of the ancient Hellenistic-Roman theatre and surrounding areas of Nea Paphos.

The University of Sydney team is directed by Dr Craig Barker and supported by the Australian Archaeological Institute at Athens and the Nicholson Museum at the University of Sydney.

The site of the theatrical quarter of ancient Nea Pafos is located to the south of Fabrika hill in the north-eastern quarter of the ancient walled city. The theatre itself was shaped out of the bedrock of the hill and used for performances from the foundation of the ancient city, around 300 BC, until its final destruction by earthquake in the late 4th century AD. The theatre was at its peak of activity during the reign of the Roman emperors Antoninus Pius and Marcus Aurelius in the middle 2nd century AD when the stage building and ceremonial entranceways were adorned with sculptural and painted decorations. 

The Australian excavations have also begun to reveal a complex urban layout around the theatre with a wide paved Roman road due south and a Roman nymphaeum or water fountain, built to the south east of the theatre. 

The Australian’s work in 2017 was concentrated on the south-eastern corner of the site, near the nymphaeum and eastern end of the theatre. Three trenches were opened by the team in 2017.

Trench 17A was a large open trench over the road with the long term aim of clearing more of the surface of the paving stones. Although the trench was not completed it, the archaeological team did successfully define the complete front wall of the nymphaeum. The nymphaeum itself is over 20 metres long and 5 metres wide, and the masonry of the structure was considerable with the walls over a metre wide. Carved into the top of one of the blocks was a gaming board, which could have been used by workmen while building the nymphaeum. The nymphaeum was constructed in the earlier part of the 2nd century AD and demonstrates Roman ability to control water and create artificial environments. A marble block and plaster-lined basin in front of the nymphaeum would have allowed travelers to refresh with water from the fountain.

A second trench (17B) investigated a wedge of soil between the rear of the nymphaeum and the foundations of the Antonine theatre expansion. Excavations revealed a series of bedrock cut channels that relate to the control of water supply to and from the theatre and the nymphaeum, and many fragments of a near intact Roman amphora which will be restored next season.

The third trench (17C) was designed to expose the theatre’s Antonine phase exterior wall. Bedrock cuts indicate that the wall would have over 2.2 metres wide and constructed from massive blocks of stone; these retaining walls had to support seating embankments that were very high and constructed onto artificially created hills.

In addition to the excavation the Australian team in 2017 completed considerable work on the study of finds from previous seasons, including the analysis of hundreds of fragments of Crusader-era glazed ceramics that would have been produced at a kiln built over the remains of the ancient theatre which has yet to be located. A 3D virtual reality model of the ancient theatre has also been constructed which enables viewers to get an idea of the size and scale of the Antonine phase of the building’s history and an understanding of how much the landscape of the site has changed from antiquity to the modern world. This model will be available in a mobile app form in the near future.

RELATED TOPICS: GreeceGreek tourism newsTourism in GreeceGreek islandsHotels in GreeceTravel to GreeceGreek destinations Greek travel marketGreek tourism statisticsGreek tourism report

Photo Source: Cyprus Department of Antiquities

Tornos
  1. 16/11 19:00

    Athens-listed Fourlis Group to launch property investment company in Greece

  2. 16/11 18:54

    Ermou street in Athens among the world’s most expensive thanks to tourism

  3. 16/11 18:48

    Piraeus Bank to manage agricultural products guarantee account in Greece

  4. 16/11 18:32

    112 approved investment plans for Greek aquaculture units reach €93.1 million

  5. 16/11 18:23

    Greek Tourism Minister voices support to Antetokounmpo brothers

  6. 16/11 16:43

    Jazz for kids: The story of a rhythm at Gloria theater in central Athens

  7. 16/11 16:37

    Changes to Athens museums opening hours due to Polytechnic celebrations

  8. 16/11 14:56

    Greek and international grand cru wines at Athens event on Sunday

  9. 16/11 14:04

    Brexit: Theresa May to face no confidence vote after Tory MPs reach 48 letters

  10. 16/11 12:44

    Greek airports announce record breaking arrivals in first 10-months of 2018

  11. 16/11 11:27

    SRB chief: Greek banking system has significantly improved

  12. 16/11 10:51

    Hollande visits Athens to congratulate Greece for its success after years of austerity

  13. 15/11 21:33

    Brexit negotiations: What is in the withdrawal agreement and the proposals on travel

  14. 15/11 21:12

    MSCI relegation for three Greek banks impacts Athens Stock exchange

  15. 15/11 21:05

    Three Athens metro stations close on Saturday due to Polytechnic uprising feast

  16. 15/11 20:58

    Prince Charles' favorite food is ‘Groussaka’ a special version of Moussaka

  17. 15/11 20:52

    MIG negotiations with Fortress fund over Attica Group sale close without deal

  18. 15/11 20:47

    Euro Working Group approves measure to leave Greek pensions uncut

  19. 15/11 20:19

    EU Brexit divorce agreement in peril after two UK cabinet ministers quit

  20. 15/11 20:02

    Greek PM dons Antetokounmpo shirt in support against racist slur

  21. 15/11 19:38

    Greek Court of Audit greenlights Athens Airport concession extension by 20 years

  22. 15/11 18:31

    US companies seeking to explore synergies and investments in Greece

  23. 15/11 16:08

    Pallas Theater in central Athens now caters to non-Greek speakers

  24. 15/11 15:55

    Greece expected to receive its first snow of the season on Friday

  25. 15/11 13:49

    Cyprus Airways connects Athens with Larnaca daily during the winter of 2018-19

  26. 15/11 12:39

    UNWTO and Municipality of León develop first shopping tourism project in Mexico

  27. 15/11 11:28

    Statues of Chinese artist Xu Hongfei to decorate the Greek port of Thessaloniki

  28. 15/11 10:14

    Roman amphorae found at ancient port of Akrotiri-Dreamers Bay in Cyprus

  29. 15/11 09:18

    Travelodge announces weirdest requests from British hotel guests in 2018

  30. 15/11 01:12

    ΑΒΤΑ: Five key principles for selling travel products to the over 50s

  31. 15/11 01:09

    UNWTO: Communities needed in Cultural Tourism’s digital transformation

  32. 15/11 00:57

    IATA: "Spirit of change" needed from governments to boost European competitiveness

  33. 14/11 23:02

    Religious Tourism: Greek Holy church in Turkey abandoned to ruin

  34. 14/11 22:51

    Traffic diversions along Athens-Thessaloniki motorway for maintenance works

  35. 14/11 20:40

    Wedding tourism: Greek island of Santorini among the world's top destinations for 2019

  36. 14/11 18:35

    Outbound tourism from India to double by 2022

  37. 14/11 18:28

    Tourists in Cyprus drive beer deliveries up by 3.6% in first 10 months of 2018

  38. 14/11 15:20

    Social media channel: The 14 most beautiful nationalities in the world (video)

  39. 14/11 14:12

    No ferry service in Greece on November 28 as seamen join general strike

  40. 14/11 12:05

    Greek National Tourism Organization clip wins world’s “Best Tourism Film” award (video)

  41. 14/11 10:56

    Ancient city of Tenea unearthed in Greece - its prosperity to Roman times confirmed

  42. 14/11 00:08

    Research: New ranking method could help hotels to maximise their revenue

  43. 13/11 21:52

    The cherished flavors of Tselementes, Greece’s original ‘Masterchef’

  44. 13/11 21:38

    Survey: Greek CFOs most optimistic in Europe for Autumn 2018

  45. 13/11 21:26

    Greek museums and sites record rise in visitors and revenue in first seven months of 2018

  46. 13/11 20:12

    Original winter swimming race across Vouliagmeni Bay in Athens on December 2

  47. 13/11 19:13

    Disabled 14-year-old girl captures Greek hearts at Athens Marathon (video)

  48. 13/11 19:05

    Greek government to lessen social security contributions for professionals

  49. 13/11 19:01

    Lower property tax to boost consumption and real estate in Greece

  50. 13/11 18:53

    Bank of Greece drafts plan for slashing NPLs by €40 billion

  51. 13/11 18:13

    ASTA International Showcase conference on island of Rhodes in Spring 2019

  52. 13/11 14:43

    British Tourism: Hard Brexit's impact on the Greek economy

  53. 13/11 14:37

    More than 2,000 investors visit Greek pavilion at Web Summit 2018

  54. 13/11 13:25

    Survey: Lower labour costs in hotels and restaurants in Cyprus

  55. 13/11 11:04

    Greek and Italian PMs discuss cooperation in investments and energy

  56. 13/11 10:17

    Lake Antinioti: In the footsteps of the Durrells at Corfu's otter lagoon

  57. 13/11 01:55

    First Greek supermarket opens in Germany

  58. 13/11 01:51

    5786 Turks have sought asylum in Greece following the failed coup in 2017

  59. 13/11 01:46

    Greek exports to surpass 33 billion euros by end of 2018

  60. 13/11 01:41

    Bank of Greece points to higher residential property prices in Q3 2018

  61. 13/11 01:29

    International Conference on Marine Mammal Protected Areas held in Greece

  62. 13/11 01:20

    Culture Tourism: The Platonic Academy of Athens, the world’s first university

  63. 13/11 01:13

    Campaign to save Hellenique Fondation "Greek House" in Paris

  64. 13/11 01:05

    Lemnos Gallipoli Committee commemorates Armistice Day 1918 on Mudros Bay

  65. 12/11 23:55

    Antique musical instruments at Ancient Nikopolis Museum in Greece

  66. 12/11 21:50

    The superb health benefits of Greek honey

  67. 12/11 21:43

    Vote for the Greek island of Corfu in EUFCN Location Award competition

  68. 12/11 19:25

    Nike honors of Greek Olympic legend Louis with new Air Zoom Spiridon

  69. 12/11 16:20

    UAE investment firm Mubadala invites Greek firms for cooperation

  70. 12/11 15:06

    Sports Tourism: Greek girl wins karate world championship (video)

  71. 12/11 13:01

    China expresses strong interest in Greek products and services

  72. 12/11 11:55

    EBRD-funded programs for Greek small and medium-sized enterprises

  73. 11/11 20:58

    Voice of Greece renewed program beginning on Monday, November 12th

  74. 11/11 20:46

    Brimin Kipkorir Misoi from Kenya wins 36th Authentic Athens Marathon (video)

  75. 11/11 20:29

    Educational programs for kids at the Museum of Cycladic Art in Athens

  76. 11/11 18:53

    APRA welcomes European Court of Auditors’ special report on passengers’ rights

  77. 11/11 16:42

    Direct metro connection to Athens airport resumes operations on Saturday

  78. 11/11 12:35

    UNWTO: Outbound tourism spending from the Gulf 6 times the global average

  79. 11/11 10:11

    Russian archaeologists unearthed ancient Greek settlement in Crimea peninsula

  80. 10/11 14:08

    Saffron 'the red gold of the Greek land' to reach Chinese shops by 2019

  81. 10/11 13:59

    Greek industrial output grows by 2% year-on-year in September

  82. 10/11 13:55

    Cyprus building permits significantly grow between January – August 2018

  83. 10/11 13:47

    Photo of flight attendant breastfeeding passenger’s baby goes viral

  84. 10/11 13:35

    Education Tourism: First school reader in demotic Greek turns 100

  85. 10/11 13:22

    Medical Tourism: Onassis Foundation head notes new era for transplants in Greece

  86. 10/11 12:31

    IMF more optimistic on Greek economy that European Union

  87. 10/11 11:16

    The Times 2018 spotlight on Cyprus: Opportunity knocks for investors...

  88. 09/11 21:23

    Religious Tourism: How Arkadi became symbol of self sacrifice for freedom

  89. 09/11 21:23

    NGTO and Aegean launch new campaign to promote Athens and Thessaloniki

  90. 09/11 21:07

    Power supply restored on the Greek island of Rhodes

  91. 09/11 19:53

    History Tourism: Phryne, the Ancient Greek model who stripped for her freedom

  92. 09/11 19:36

    Interconnector Greece-Bulgaria gets nod of the European Commission

  93. 09/11 19:19

    Russian tycoon Rybolovlev released but remains still under investigation

  94. 09/11 19:10

    Archaeological Museum on Greek island of Corfu to reopen after six years

  95. 09/11 18:43

    Greece extends Golden Visas for affluent foreign investors

  96. 09/11 16:41

    New Victoria Hislop book inspired by the Greek island of Makronisos

  97. 09/11 14:58

    16 Greek enterprises participate in business mission to Nigeria

  98. 09/11 14:47

    Record 415 exhibitors in Philoxenia and another 200 in Hotelia

  99. 09/11 12:49

    Greek Cultural Day marks Greek migration in Sydney of Australia

  100. 09/11 12:42

    Evgenios Vassilikos: November established as Month of Marathon for Athens tourism