Athens News Agency tours ancient military harbour used in Battle of Salamis

Α Decrease font Enlarge font
Athens News Agency tours ancient military harbour used in Battle of SalamisOne of the goals is to discover artifacts linked to the Battle of Salamis before 2020, which is the 2,500-year anniversary of the great naval battle

The ancient harbour where the Greek fleet gathered on the eve of the Battle of Salamis in 480 B.C. - a pivotal naval battle that prevented the invasion of Greece by the Persian Empire and largely determined the course of Greek and Western history - has now been uncovered by archaeologists in present-day Ambelakia Bay on the island. The Athens-Macedonian News Agency (ANA) was offered an exclusive tour of the site by the  archaeologists in charge of the dig, who revealed they expected more finds to emerge as the work continues.

One of their goals is to discover artifacts linked to the Battle of Salamis before 2020, which is the 2,500-year anniversary of the great naval battle that changed the course of history.

"The excavation is of great importance because there are a number of things that remain to be proven about the battle's history, which we did not know until now. They are just written in ancient sources and nothing more. This research should have started many years ago but this was not possible because of the pollution in the seabed, given that there are a number of shipyards and ship repair units in the area. It was made possible, however, with the assistance of the Institute of Underwater Archaeological Research (IENAE)," the head of the Underwater Antiquities Ephorate Aggeliki Simosi noted.  

"We hope that in the coming years we will have the same success as this year, when we uncovered sections of very sturdy buildings that have not yet been fully identified. The existence of two towers, however, one round and one square, indicates that this was a fortified military harbour of the ancient city," she continued.

Heading the dig for the IENAE, Ioannina University professor Dr. Yiannos Lolos stressed that the three-year cooperation programme launched by the Ephorate and the Institute, with the participation of the Patras University's Laboratory of Marine Geology and Physical Oceanography, will likely continue and possibly be extended.

"It is a major excavation now in its early stages. It will continue, however, now that the [Ephorate] and the [Institute] have decided to begin investigating this very significant historic location of Greece. There are, of course, several difficulties but the goals are important. And I am convinced that we will unearth portable finds along the way - we already have some important ones - that are linked to the very important events of Athenian history. And, of course, an event of tremendous importance is the naval battle in 480 B.C. - zero hour for Athenian and Greek history," Lolos underlined.

Ancient city of Salamis

He said that the excavation was focused on the harbour of the ancient city of Salamis and parts of the sea on the north side and around the tip of the Kynosoura peninsula, which encircles the south side of the bay.

"Also located at the end of Kynosoura was the Nike trophy, or probably one of the trophies, that we know were erected after the great victory of 480 B.C." Lolos continued. Like Simosi, he echoed his conviction that the sea at the end of the peninsula will yield parts of the ancient trophy.

"There are stone plinths in the sea that must be from the trophy. We know that the monument was at the tip of Kynosoura, we will investigate the sea on both sides of this section of the peninsula, the north and south, and believe we will find segments of it," they said to ANA.

The finds discovered in Ambelakia Bay over the last two years include the two towers and a section of a wall measuring 162 metres long in the northwest, which appear to be linked to the defences of the Classical- and Hellenistic-era city and its port. Another sturdy structure made of well-formed stone plinths about 13 metres long, believed to be a public building such as a temple or stoa, has been found in the north side of the bay. There are also a number of portable remains dating to the time of the harbour's last use, around the 3rd century AD, indicating that this structure was one of the last buildings of the ancient city near the port and possibly one seen and described by the traveller Pausanias in the 2nd century AD.

Lolos explained the building was probably a temple, noting the numerous shards of statues found there, as well as a corner of a carved marble altar and other marble vessels. Further evidence, he said, was the earlier nearby find in 1882 of a marble pedestal for a statue with a dedicatory inscription, dating to the 4th century B.C. He noted that this was inscribed with the names of a cavalry chief and members of the cavalry, dedicated to the nymph Salamis.

According to him, this was seen as an indication that there had been a sanctuary dedicated to the nymph nearby and, while the inscription was lost, it had been published in the German archaeological institute's periodical in 1882.

More contemporary 48-metre pier

The building is adjacent to a more contemporary 48-metre pier that was built prior to 1900 using ancient materials. Similarities between the building materials in the pier and those of the more ancient structure lead experts to believe that they came from the public building now being investigated.

In addition to the underwater excavation, there is continued geophysical research focusing on the interior section of the bay and up to Kynosoura, with the assistance of Patras university. The goal is to find and reconstruct an outline of the Classical-era coastline and paleogeography and locate "targets" of possible archaeological interest that may be on lying on the seabed or buried at depths of up to 1.5 metres.

"There has to be an excavation to identify these 'targets'. Are they newer or ancient objects? It is very possible that some are ancient objects and we hope that some may be significant but a systematic exploration at such depths requires a lot of work. We have to decide, in collaboration with the geologists, which of the 50 targets to choose and where to begin," Lolos explained, noting that the cooperation started for three years but would need much longer, so any help would be useful.

According to Simosi, meanwhile, "Chinese underwater archaeologists had shown great interest in the region when they visited Greece a few days earlier and expressed a desire for cooperation.

The results of the two research periods in the bay will be presented in a joing announcement by the two head researchers at an international conference held by the Honor Frost Foundation in Nicosia, on October 20-24.

Read more here.

RELATED TOPICS: GreeceGreek tourism newsTourism in GreeceGreek islandsHotels in GreeceTravel to GreeceGreek destinations Greek travel marketGreek tourism statisticsGreek tourism report

Photo Source: Culture Ministry

Source: ANA-MPA

 

Tornos
  1. 19/01 23:33

    Fraport Greece appoints Ilias Maragakis as new Chief Operating Officer

  2. 19/01 23:28

    Minister: Thessaloniki metro extensions to cost between €1.2 to 1.3 billion

  3. 19/01 23:22

    Hollywood star Lindsay Lohan to open second nightclub in Greece

  4. 19/01 23:11

    Greece aims to attract Latin American tourists

  5. 19/01 23:01

    Athens’ Hotel Grande Bretagne in Conde Nast’s 2018 Gold List

  6. 19/01 22:57

    Fyrom PM confirms meeting with Greek counterpart in Davos on January 24

  7. 19/01 22:29

    144K more jobs created in Greece during 2017 than lost

  8. 19/01 22:18

    Restaurant week in Athens between February 1-11

  9. 19/01 22:06

    Greek FinMin denies report over tax-free income measure implemented earlier

  10. 19/01 21:57

    Japanese band plays Greek "tsifteteli" dance song (video)

  11. 19/01 21:43

    Survey: Majority of Greek CEOs believe reforms will continue only with supervision

  12. 19/01 16:26

    Greek MIT professor who solved “Nash Puzzle” sad over brain drain

  13. 19/01 16:00

    Holiday bookings from the Netherlands to Greece on the rise

  14. 19/01 15:43

    Consumer confidence soars in Greece with the growth in summer tourism

  15. 19/01 15:09

    Young Diaspora Cypriots invited to explore their island of descent

  16. 19/01 14:47

    BoG head: Central bank has an obligation to publicly warn about risks

  17. 19/01 14:35

    Greek State budget surplus for 2017 exceeds target

  18. 19/01 10:48

    Latest investment schemes under development law reach €519 million

  19. 19/01 01:39

    Report: North and South Korea to march under same flag in Winter Olympics

  20. 19/01 01:35

    Barnes International Realty opens office in Greek capital of Athens

  21. 19/01 01:31

    Greek privatization agency issues business plan for tenders without deadlines

  22. 19/01 01:24

    Report: Drone photo of Greek landscape among top-10 for 2017

  23. 19/01 01:11

    Turkish hackers tweet pro-Erdogan propaganda to Trump from ex-Fox accounts

  24. 19/01 01:01

    New law foresees two month closure of casino owing back wages in Greece

  25. 19/01 00:55

    Greece ranks first in absorption of EU funds during 2007-2013

  26. 19/01 00:42

    Cyprus residents' trips abroad grow by 5% in December

  27. 19/01 00:36

    New record: Tourists arrivals in Cyprus during 2017 reach 3.6 million

  28. 19/01 00:36

    Northern Greece's olive oil 'Makri' to be given PDO status

  29. 19/01 00:24

    Bulgarian PM optimistic over prospects of resolving FYROM name dispute

  30. 19/01 00:20

    Bank of Greece Governor Yiannis Stournaras unafraid of terror attacks

  31. 18/01 23:20

    Qatar Airways to use ultra-modern Airbus A350 on Athens-Doha route

  32. 18/01 22:51

    Arms dealer on United States blacklist linked to Cypriot companies

  33. 18/01 20:47

    Series of actions to promote the popular Greek island of Paros

  34. 18/01 16:03

    Citigroup: Greece needs post-bailout watching despite big surplus

  35. 18/01 14:50

    Greek Diva Maria Callas returns back on stage as a hologram

  36. 18/01 12:44

    Greece attracts strong interest for new offshore oil and gas tenders

  37. 18/01 10:36

    Opposition leader: Greece needs a change of policy with lower taxes

  38. 18/01 01:30

    Greek Defense Minister: FYROM can use the name “Vardarska”

  39. 18/01 01:28

    NATO rules out invitation to FYROM without solution to name issue

  40. 18/01 01:18

    Pelion ski centre "Agriolefkes" opens after last days' heavy snowfall

  41. 18/01 00:57

    ASTA president: US travel agents invest in Greece as a leading tourist destination

  42. 18/01 00:27

    Air passengers and flights at Greek airports break records during 2017

  43. 17/01 22:35

    Hellenic Seaways scraps Thessaloniki-Sporades Islands ferry route

  44. 17/01 20:09

    Giant US investors want stake in Calamos’ Ethniki Insurance takeover

  45. 17/01 18:52

    Turkish Coast Guard vessel bumps into Greek warship Nikiforos near Imia islet

  46. 17/01 16:40

    Tourism receipts hit record high in Greece during January-September 2017

  47. 17/01 14:39

    Ancient Greek mosaic floor discovered in war-torn Syria while digging for mines

  48. 17/01 12:10

    Cambridge Uni archaeologists make new discoveries on Greek island of Keros

  49. 17/01 00:07

    UN envoy: Athens and Skopje have leaderships that 'genuinely want a solution'

  50. 16/01 20:19

    Transport Minister: Contracts for Larnaca port and marina to be signed in 2018

  51. 16/01 20:06

    Albanian PM: We are not blame for deteriorated relations with Greece

  52. 16/01 20:06

    Albanian PM: We are not blame for deteriorated relations with Greece

  53. 16/01 19:51

    Only a few telephony providers remain 11 years after deregulation in Greece

  54. 16/01 19:51

    Only a few telephony providers remain 11 years after deregulation in Greece

  55. 16/01 19:51

    Only a few telephony providers remain 11 years after deregulation in Greece

  56. 16/01 19:51

    Only a few telephony providers remain 11 years after deregulation in Greece

  57. 16/01 19:51

    Only a few telephony providers remain 11 years after deregulation in Greece

  58. 16/01 19:51

    Only a few telephony providers remain 11 years after deregulation in Greece

  59. 16/01 19:51

    Only a few telephony providers remain 11 years after deregulation in Greece

  60. 16/01 19:51

    Only a few telephony providers remain 11 years after deregulation in Greece

  61. 16/01 19:51

    Only a few telephony providers remain 11 years after deregulation in Greece

  62. 16/01 19:51

    Only a few telephony providers remain 11 years after deregulation in Greece

  63. 16/01 19:51

    Only a few telephony providers remain 11 years after deregulation in Greece

  64. 16/01 19:51

    Only a few telephony providers remain 11 years after deregulation in Greece

  65. 16/01 19:51

    Only a few telephony providers remain 11 years after deregulation in Greece

  66. 16/01 19:46

    Report: These are the 10 worst countries to be a Christian

  67. 16/01 19:41

    4.2-magnitude quake shakes Attica without damages reported

  68. 16/01 19:31

    Land deed operators oppose abolition of offices throughout Greece

  69. 16/01 19:23

    Turkey reveals route for new canal to facilitate Bosphorus shipping

  70. 16/01 19:13

    Contracts signed for Paralimni marina in south-eastern Cyprus

  71. 16/01 19:09

    UN sees positive momentum to solve the "Macedonia" name dispute

  72. 16/01 18:59

    JP Morgan hires Greek former debt management agency chief

  73. 16/01 16:48

    Visit Greece: Kavala, the port city with the numerous faces

  74. 16/01 12:32

    Privatization projects in northern Greece will boost local economy

  75. 16/01 10:22

    British Museum: Rodin proves why Parthenon Marbles should stay in UK

  76. 16/01 02:19

    World Tourism hits 7-year high record in 2017 led by arrivals to Med destinations

  77. 16/01 02:10

    Chinese Cosco-controlled Piraeus Port Authority to reveal €466 million investment plan

  78. 16/01 02:05

    FYROM’s FM: Greece does not have exclusivity of the term "Macedonia" (video)

  79. 16/01 02:02

    Nicosia to host first Trilateral Summit among Cyprus, Greece and Jordan

  80. 16/01 01:58

    Island of Karpathos in Forbes’ 33 most affordable places to vacation in 2018

  81. 16/01 01:52

    Hotel.com: Athens third preferred European destination for Chinese tourists

  82. 16/01 01:45

    Greek-American and Jewish American leaders visit Greek president and premier

  83. 16/01 01:40

    Well-attended first event in untold tale of the Holocaust in Greece

  84. 16/01 01:36

    Bill on prior actions approved by Greek Parliament with 154 votes

  85. 16/01 01:30

    Erdogan vows to drown US-backed Syrian Border Force and labels it “terrorist army”

  86. 16/01 01:17

    Revenues and visitors to Greek museums and sites record two-digit rise in 9 months of 2017

  87. 16/01 00:27

    Greece-FYROM energy relations to be significantly upgraded with infrastructure

  88. 15/01 23:51

    Akram Khan at Onassis Cultural Center in Athens on February 21-27

  89. 15/01 23:42

    Report: US and Turkey spat could boost Greek tourism

  90. 15/01 23:35

    ESM: Greece must continue with reforms even after bailout ends

  91. 15/01 23:24

    Greek citizens to face foreclosures for debts over 500 euros to state

  92. 15/01 22:26

    Cypriot veterans win right to damages over United Kingdom torture claims

  93. 15/01 22:19

    Pharmacies in Greece excluded from deregulated Sunday trading laws

  94. 15/01 20:08

    Hundreds of groups and clubs prepare for rally on Macedonian issue in Greece

  95. 15/01 18:57

    Greek Economy Ministry to promote new development model

  96. 15/01 16:51

    Prespes border crossing: Interministerial meeting headed by Greek FM

  97. 15/01 14:40

    Hellenic Banking Association meets with ECB's Danièle Nouy and Benoît Coeuré

  98. 15/01 12:12

    Digital Policy Minister: Room for more than 1,300 radio stations in Greece

  99. 15/01 10:13

    Land of Discovery: Stunning water kingdom in Western Greece

  100. 15/01 01:20

    Minister aims to make 2018 year of research and innovation in Greek agriculture