Cardiff Uni to translate and publish Ancient Athens inscriptions of UK Collections

Α Decrease font Enlarge font
Cardiff Uni to translate and publish Ancient Athens inscriptions of UK CollectionsThe texts are evidence of the first major Western democracy in action

All the stone inscriptions from ancient Athens in UK collections are to be presented in English translations for the first time, thanks to a new project undertaken by Cardiff University.

According to Cardiff University News website, the project is to translate and publish the numerous stone inscriptions currently in the UK. The inscriptions provide important information about life in ancient Attica two thousand years ago.

The texts are evidence of the first major Western democracy in action, unveiling in detail decisions made by the Athenian citizen Assembly and other bodies. Others are a rich source of information about the lives of ancient Athenians, from financial accounts and leases, to dedications to the gods and funerary monuments, the report says.

According to Cardiff University News, among the inscriptions is the stele of Jason held in the British Museum. The 2nd century AD monument is a dedication to the healing god Asklepios by the doctor, Jason, and his family, and shows a doctor examining a patient.

Another is a 2nd century BC decree of the Athenian Assembly in Petworth House honouring a long list of Athenian girls who helped weave the peplos, a garment ritually draped over the ancient wooden statue of Athena on the Athens Acropolis.

The project “Attic Inscriptions in UK collections”, funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council, will publish all 250 avaiolable inscriptions from ancient Athens and Attica held in UK collections. It will be in cooperation with UK museums.

The inscriptions, spanning almost  a millennium of history from the 6th century BC to 3rd century AD, will be published in open access on the website Attic Inscriptions Online created by, Dr Stephen Lambert of Cardiff University’s School of History, Archaeology and Religion.

Dr Lambert noted: “We plan to publish them online in a series of 17 papers, each covering an individual collection or, for the British Museum, category of inscriptions. Based on the most up-to-date scholarly bibliography, supplemented by fresh autopsy of the stones, and supported by photographs, the papers will include ancient Greek texts, translations and commentaries on each inscription. The scholarly papers will be linked to translations on Attic Inscriptions Online, with notes aimed at school and university students and museum visitors.

Background

The Greek-language inscriptions and epigraphy are a major source for understanding of the society and history of ancient Greece and other Greek-speaking or Greek-controlled areas. Greek inscriptions may occur on stone slabs, pottery ostraca, ornaments, and range from simple names to full texts.

As Greek Epigraphic Society notes in its site, Ancient Greek Inscriptions, along with the texts of the ancient Greek (and Latin) authors, and the archaeological remains and finds, constitute the primary sources of Greek History. Inscriptions are very important for the study of ancient Greek history because they refer to many aspects of ancient life—from the private sphere to the official, public, level. Moreover, they are authentic, uncontaminated, texts because no one has interfered between the cutter of the inscription and the reader. On the contrary, the texts of ancient Greek authors have come to us after a long process of copying, a process that took place through the centuries with the result that many changes and mistakes have been made. 

Inscriptions bring to light new evidence on facts that were previously unknown, or supplement what we know from the ancient writers about various political/military events and state institutions, economy, justice/law, society, cult, every day life, etc.

Texts of inscriptions are available in published collections (i.e., corpora) arranged by geographical regions: one thinks primarily of the Inscriptiones Graecae, constantly published by the Berlin Academy since the second decade of the 19th century, though other series are also extant nowadays (for example the series of Inschriften Griechischer Städte aus Kleinasien [IK], which is jointly published by the Österreichische and the Rheinisch-Westfälische Akademie der Wissenschaften). 

The Athenians in the fourth century BC distinguished between, on the one hand, laws (community-sanctioned rules with permanent and general application) and, on the other, decrees of the assembly (community-sponsored decisions with specific and sometimes temporary application). Typical subjects of decrees included the award of citizenship, the bestowal of an honorific crown, the declaration of war, the enactment of a treaty with another community.

During twentieth century excavations of the Ancient Agora of Athens, more than 10,000 stone inscriptions were identified and inventoried. The texts included diplomatic agreements, commemorative plaques for athletic victories, records of court judgments, boundary stones identifying different buildings, and fragmentary inscriptions featuring names of over 30,000 individual Athenians. 

Inscriptions on stone are the most important documentary source for the history of the ancient city of Athens and its surrounding region, Attica. Dating from the 7th century BC through to the end of antiquity, Greek texts are available to scholars in Inscriptiones Graecae (IG) I (up to 403/2 BC) and II (after 403/2 BC) (website), updated annually by the Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum (SEG) (website) (access by subscription), and in the Packard Humanities Institute (PHI) Greek Inscriptions website. However, before the launch of Attic Inscriptions Online, very few of the inscriptions were available in English translation, whether in print, or online.

The translations include, as a minimum, an indication of the text translated, the name of the translator and key references and metadata. Further information about the inscriptions, including historical notes, is being gradually added.

Read more here

RELATED TOPICS: GreeceGreek tourism newsTourism in GreeceGreek islandsHotels in GreeceTravel to GreeceGreek destinations Greek travel marketGreek tourism statisticsGreek tourism report

Photo Source: Wikimedia Commons Copyright: Christophe Meneboeuf  License: CC-BY-SA

Source: Cardiff University 

Tornos
  1. 17/11 18:58

    Greece launches procedure for concession of Egnatia Odos motorway

  2. 17/11 16:33

    Tourism professionals rely on Tornos News and 81% rate it very good/excellent: Survey

  3. 17/11 16:28

    Report: Greek anger over Schengen checks at German airports

  4. 17/11 16:24

    Cyprus tourist traffic sets record in October and first ten months

  5. 17/11 16:04

    Passenger traffic in Greek airports up 9.9% during January - October 2017

  6. 17/11 15:46

    Legendary ‘Fine Red Wines’ event on Sunday in Athens GB hotel

  7. 17/11 15:40

    3D exhibition “Tomb of Christ” at National Geographic Museum

  8. 17/11 15:35

    Airbnb refuses Greek Finance Ministry's request to turn over personal data of customers

  9. 17/11 14:59

    Leaders of Greece, Cyprus and Egypt to meet in Nicosia on Tuesday

  10. 17/11 14:51

    No metro service in Athens on Tuesday due to 24-hour strike

  11. 17/11 14:46

    Athens Metro to shut down selected central stations on Friday

  12. 17/11 14:27

    Greek high court orders probe into controversial defense deal with Saudi Arabia

  13. 17/11 14:14

    Greek Maestro Yanni to perform in Saudi Arabia's Jeddah and Riyadh

  14. 17/11 13:59

    Council of State: Τax audits may not violate 5-year statute of limitations

  15. 17/11 13:43

    Greece's creditors demand energy sector liberalization and e-auctions

  16. 17/11 13:39

    Greek island of Crete and Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region sign cooperation deal

  17. 17/11 13:22

    Prosecutor to probe loans provided to various firms in Greece

  18. 17/11 12:36

    Occupiers leave Athens Polytechnic ahead of uprising anniversary

  19. 17/11 12:23

    Greek exports and imports up during first 9 months of 2017

  20. 17/11 10:18

    Weather service chief: More heavy rain expected in Greece until Saturday

  21. 17/11 09:25

    100% Hotel Show 2017 opens today

  22. 16/11 21:15

    Drop range in apartment prices closing in Greece during Q3 2017

  23. 16/11 20:58

    Greek Tourism Ministry presents investment opportunities at ‘TourInvest’

  24. 16/11 20:53

    Juncker: Commission stands ready to support Greece after floods

  25. 16/11 20:41

    Asset Manager GAM: Turkey facing economic crisis in 2018

  26. 16/11 20:32

    About 100 refugees hold sit-in on main street of Thessaloniki in Greece

  27. 16/11 20:24

    Greek painting sold at London Sotheby’s for over €300,000

  28. 16/11 20:14

    New aesthetic medicine and soft surgery techniques revealed at Athens conference

  29. 16/11 20:11

    EU Commissioner: Good prospects for Greece's return to markets

  30. 16/11 19:57

    All schools to remain closed in western Attica on Friday due to bad weather

  31. 16/11 19:44

    BoG head backs creation of centers of excellence to stem Greek brain drain

  32. 16/11 19:35

    Interview: Egypt's Trade Minister calls for EU investment in country

  33. 16/11 19:18

    Study reveals amazing difference: Luxury travelers are only 36% of affluent travelers

  34. 16/11 19:11

    Tourism in Athens: Hotel capacity up but guest satisfaction does not follow

  35. 16/11 19:01

    Full-time jobs continue to dry up in October in Greece

  36. 16/11 18:56

    Christian Arabs protest against Greek Patriarch over Israel land deals

  37. 16/11 18:24

    Report: Offers wipe out most gains from rise in Greek supermarket sales

  38. 16/11 18:14

    Higher provisions by Greek banks due to IFRS 9 application

  39. 16/11 18:10

    U.S. Embassy expresses condolences to families of flash flood victims

  40. 16/11 18:04

    Deadline for voluntary disclosure of incomes extended in Greece

  41. 16/11 17:42

    Youth camp excited with Soufli Forest National Park in Thrace, Greece

  42. 16/11 17:35

    Greek Weather Service chief: Recent flooding could be linked to climate change

  43. 16/11 16:10

    UN special envoy Nimetz to meet with Greek and FYROM negotiators in December

  44. 16/11 14:14

    Report: The strangest airports in the planet

  45. 16/11 12:05

    Greek artists in New Museum “Songs for Sabotage,” the Fourth Triennial

  46. 16/11 10:00

    Greek port of Patras on alert after extreme weather conditions forecast

  47. 15/11 22:41

    More than 60% of tourists in Cyprus during August came for the first time

  48. 15/11 22:34

    FAZ: Thousands migrants voluntarily leave Greece for their homelands

  49. 15/11 22:25

    Secrets of Ancient Greek diet unveiled by Greek Chef in London

  50. 15/11 22:19

    TUI Austria: Greece ranks first in reservations list for 2017

  51. 15/11 22:12

    Old paper tickets discontinued on Athens transport network as of Thursday

  52. 15/11 22:02

    Extreme weather bulletin issued by Meteorological Service in Greece

  53. 15/11 21:55

    Turkish jets in provocative overflights into Northern Cyprus airspace (video)

  54. 15/11 21:50

    Survey: Most tourists give Cyprus high marks and would come back

  55. 15/11 21:44

    Greek "Caldera Yachting" named “Charter Company of the Year"

  56. 15/11 21:35

    Greece returns to international markets with a 30 billion euros swap

  57. 15/11 21:27

    Patmos Apocalypse Grotto most spiritual and miraculous cave in the world

  58. 15/11 21:18

    Report: Managing overtourism an increasing feature of global travel

  59. 15/11 21:11

    Seven Greek firms at International Tourism Exhibition ITB Asia 2017

  60. 15/11 21:01

    Traffic measures to be put into effect for Polytechnic celebrations in Athens

  61. 15/11 20:50

    Hollywood actor Robert Pattinson in Athens for Good Time's premiere

  62. 15/11 20:45

    Further loosening of capital controls in Greece

  63. 15/11 20:35

    Latest reports: Death toll from Attica western suburbs' flooding at 15 (videos)

  64. 15/11 20:00

    SNF Co-President Andreas Dracopoulos in Chatham House panel

  65. 15/11 19:53

    European Union increases resources against "Russian propaganda"

  66. 15/11 18:03

    Greek parents object to School parade flag-bearers chosen by Lot

  67. 15/11 17:57

    Report: True sexual harassment stories turned to short films in Greece (videos)

  68. 15/11 17:48

    Greek shipping firms scoop up auctioned off vessels in 2017

  69. 15/11 17:41

    Greek main opposition submits question on Saudi Arabia arms deal

  70. 15/11 17:30

    Scientists discover hundreds of skeletons on Australia's “Murder Island” (video)

  71. 15/11 17:25

    EU Commission: Greek PM's welfare benefit not contrary to agreements

  72. 15/11 17:18

    Modern Greek Studies Association Symposium held at Stockton University

  73. 15/11 16:08

    Agriculture Minister stresses sector’s important role in new production in Greece

  74. 15/11 12:51

    Las Vegas honors Greek-American cross maker Greg Zanis

  75. 15/11 10:42

    Turkish Cypriots divided over Islam’s rise in northern Cyprus

  76. 15/11 10:24

    No Athens metro after 21:00 on Wednesday due to work stoppage

  77. 14/11 23:24

    Media report on Helleniko development site's history

  78. 14/11 23:06

    Greek government to table law protecting legal personnel in property auctions

  79. 14/11 23:01

    Piraeus Bank report: Greek tourism SMEs were more dynamic in 2017

  80. 14/11 22:58

    Greek island of Symi in state of emergency after heavy rainfall

  81. 14/11 22:53

    Young Frenchman arrested for destroying security cameras in Athens center

  82. 14/11 22:50

    Cyprus’ Tus Airways launches 3 direct flights from Larnaca to Athens

  83. 14/11 22:46

    13 new routes offered at Thessaloniki's Macedonia Airport next summer

  84. 14/11 22:39

    German tourism: + 45% bookings for Rhodes and + 27% for Heraklion in October

  85. 14/11 22:36

    Athens Agricultural University in talks with Chinese startups

  86. 14/11 22:28

    Guide for venues and bands in Athens' hot jazz scene

  87. 14/11 22:19

    Greek-American star Jennifer Aniston makes TV comeback with Reese Witherspoon

  88. 14/11 22:06

    Ryanair opens new Thessaloniki-Nuremberg route with promo tickets

  89. 14/11 21:59

    “Greek yoghurt” label only for products produced in Greece

  90. 14/11 21:49

    Tourism Minister: 9% increase in flights to Greece during 2017

  91. 14/11 21:42

    Symposium: Only culture can help Greece achieve year-round tourism

  92. 14/11 21:33

    Regling: Greece could begin self-financing after August 2018

  93. 14/11 21:28

    Hedge fund superstar predicts ND will win Greece’s 2018 election

  94. 14/11 21:24

    Xenia tourist show restarts in Athens after six-year hiatus

  95. 14/11 20:19

    €1.4 billion social dividend bill to be voted on in Greece by Thursday

  96. 14/11 19:46

    Restorations at Monastery of St. John the Theologian in Patmos reveal hidden crypts

  97. 14/11 18:14

    Most tourists surveyed by CTO express full satisfaction with Cyprus holidays

  98. 14/11 16:09

    Greek PM: The government supports healthy entrepreneurship

  99. 14/11 14:59

    Greek main opposition to vote in favor of welfare handouts

  100. 14/11 12:58

    Greek island of Agios Efstratios to be heated with renewable energy