1,800-year-old mosaic discovered in ancient Anatolian city of Perge

Α Decrease font Enlarge font
1,800-year-old mosaic discovered in ancient Anatolian city of PergeThe ancient city of Perge has been dubbed as “Turkey’s second Zeugma” for the alluring appearance of the mosaics that have been discovered so far.

A 1,800-year-old mosaic, which showed the sacrifice of Iphigenia, the daughter of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra during the Trojan War in Greek mythology, was discovered at excavation works in the ancient city of Perge in Turkey’s Mediterranean region.

Perge excavations head and Antalya Museum Director Mustafa Demirel noted a new mosaic was unearthed when the archaeological team was working to open a shop in the west wing of the site.

“We have found a 1,800-year-old mosaic that depicts the sacrifice of İphigenia during the Trojan War in the city of ancient Perge. This finding, which makes us quite excited, was unearthed when we were working to open a shop in the west wing. We have found out that this was a sacred cult area,” he clarified.

Iphigenia was the legendary daughter of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra in Greek mythology.

While the Greek army was preparing to set sail for Troy during the Trojan War, Agamemnon caused the anger of the goddess Artemis, because he killed a sacred deer. Therefore, she decided to stop all winds, so the ships would not be able to sail. The seer Calchas realized what the problem was and informed Agamemnon that to appease the goddess, Agamemnon had to sacrifice Iphigenia to her. Reluctant at first, Agamemnon was forced to agree in the end. He lied to his daughter and his wife by saying that Iphigenia was to marry Achilles before they left.

The mother and daughter happily went to the port of Aulis, only to find out the horrible truth. Achilles, unaware that his name was used in a lie, tried to prevent the sacrifice, but Iphigenia ultimately decided to sacrifice herself in honor and of her own volition. The most popular version of what happened afterwards is that in the moment of the sacrifice, the goddess Artemis substituted Iphigenia for a deer, but Calchas who was the only witness remained silent. Iphigenia was then transferred by Artemis to the city of Tauris where she became the goddess’ priestess.

Discoveries in Perge

The ancient city of Perge has been dubbed as “Turkey’s second Zeugma” for the alluring appearance of the mosaics that have been discovered so far.

The city of Perge is situated 17 kilometers east of Antalya, within the borders of Aksu. The important monumental structures of the city have been excavated since 1946 and due to the excavated sculptures, the Antalya Museum has one of the greatest collections of Roman sculptures.

Perga or Perge was an ancient Anatolian city in modern Turkey, once the capital of Pamphylia Secunda, now in Antalya province on the southwestern Mediterranean coast of Turkey. Today, it is a large site of ancient ruins 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) east of Antalya on the coastal plain. An acropolis located there dates back to the Bronze Age.

Perga was an ancient and important city of Pamphylia, between the rivers Catarrhactes and Cestrus (Turkish Aksu Çayı).

A treaty between the Hittite Great King Tudhaliya IV and his vassal, the king of Tarhuntassa, defined the latter's western border at the city "Parha" and the "Kastaraya River". The river is assumed to be the classical Cestrus. West of Parha were the "Lukka Lands". Parha likely spoke a late Luwian dialect like Lycian and that of the neo-Hittite kingdoms.

Perge returns to history as a Pamphylian Greek city, and with Pamphylia came under successive rule by Persians, Athenians, and Persians again. Alexander the Great, after quitting Phaselis, occupied Perge with a part of his army. The road between these two towns is described as long and difficult. Alexander's rule was followed by the Diadochi empire of the Seleucids, then the Romans.

Perge gained renown for the worship of Artemis, whose temple stood on a hill outside the town, and in whose honour annual festivals were celebrated. The coins of Perge represent both the goddess and her temple.

In 46 A.D., according to the Acts of the Apostles, St. Paul journeyed to Perga, from there continued on to Antiocheia in Pisidia, then returned to Perga where he preached the word of God (Acts 14:25). Then he left the city and went to Attaleia.

As the Cestrus silted up over the late Roman era, Perga declined as a secular city. In the first half of the 4th century, during the reign of Constantine the Great (324-337), Perga became an important centre of Christianity, which soon became the official religion of the Roman Empire. The city retained its status as a Christian centre in the 5th and 6th centuries.

Read more here.

RELATED TOPICS: GreeceGreek tourism newsTourism in GreeceGreek islandsHotels in GreeceTravel to GreeceGreek destinations Greek travel marketGreek tourism statisticsGreek tourism report

Photo Source: Wikimedia Commons Copyright: Saffron Blaze License: CC-BY-SA

Source: Anadolu Agency

Tornos
  1. 14/12 01:01

    German Tourism: Egypt and Greece are top winners of 2017 travel market

  2. 14/12 00:01

    UN Envoy Nimetz still considers FYROM name dispute solvable

  3. 13/12 23:55

    Government-appointed Experts Committee urges immediate start of Helleniko project

  4. 13/12 23:48

    The top-10 Ancient Greek inventions and discoveries still in use today

  5. 13/12 23:43

    EU Commissioner slams Council President over refugee quotas

  6. 13/12 23:38

    Latest poll: Greek opposition on the verge of absolute majority

  7. 13/12 23:32

    Greek court backs Russian bitcoin fraud suspect’s extradition to U.S.

  8. 13/12 23:20

    “Greek Day” at NYSE with Finance Minister ringing the closing bell

  9. 13/12 23:15

    US Congresswoman urges FM to reject Erdogan’s remarks on Greek borders

  10. 13/12 23:00

    Mom and daughter find clay lamp from Hellenistic Period in Israel

  11. 13/12 22:05

    Lampsa adds third Athens' Syntagma square hotel to its group

  12. 13/12 21:58

    Greek resort won top European Award at Swiss event

  13. 13/12 21:51

    Report: Europe’s top city destination is located in Greece

  14. 13/12 21:45

    Greek city of Thessaloniki to build Jewish school and new Holocaust Museum

  15. 13/12 20:47

    IMF's Lagarde reiterates that restructuring Greece’s debt is essential

  16. 13/12 20:40

    Deutsche Bank forecast: Greece will make it out of the crisis

  17. 13/12 20:32

    Report: Which are the three investments that could change Greece’s fate

  18. 13/12 20:23

    Parameters of Greek bank stress tests to be announced in early January

  19. 13/12 20:13

    Counter-flooding project at Greek-Bulgarian river borders to kick off

  20. 13/12 20:01

    When will Greece's Panathinaikos team be kicked out of European football

  21. 13/12 19:52

    Greek shops required to charge for plastic bags after January 1st 2018

  22. 13/12 19:09

    14 Turkish Air Force jets violate Greek air space over the Aegean Sea

  23. 13/12 17:42

    Greek government to unveil e-auction platform replacing courtroom process

  24. 13/12 15:32

    Which EU Chief wants all refugees to remain in Greece and Italy

  25. 13/12 13:24

    Ergani: 128,230 new jobs in Greece during first 11 months of 2017

  26. 13/12 11:15

    The Greek-American who played key role in capture of bomber in NYC

  27. 12/12 23:41

    UK historian Mary Beard connects Greek myths and Twitter trolls

  28. 12/12 23:34

    Eirini from Crete sings US anthem in Gianni's game at Boston Garden (video)

  29. 12/12 23:29

    Greek FinMin rejects concerns about Ethniki Insurance and its investors

  30. 12/12 23:25

    Tito’s granddaughter questions viability of ‘Macedonia’ as talks with Greece restart

  31. 12/12 23:24

    TrainOSE trains to stop running in observation of 24hr strike on Thursday

  32. 12/12 23:14

    Athens metro, tram and train to operate only from 09.00-21.00 on Thursday

  33. 12/12 23:10

    Giannis to take part in GNTO campaign to attract US tourists

  34. 12/12 23:06

    Fraport Greece: Kavala airport project to be completed by 2019

  35. 12/12 23:02

    Third rail provider license to be approved in Greece

  36. 12/12 22:55

    Visit Greece for dreamlike winter walks as well

  37. 12/12 22:50

    Union work stoppage to alter Olympic Air flights on Thursday

  38. 12/12 22:44

    'Georgios Averoff' sets sail from Thessaloniki returning to Piraeus port (video)

  39. 12/12 22:38

    Stricter laws and crackdown on foreign-flagged pro vessels in Greek waters

  40. 12/12 22:30

    Athens Christmas Factory 2017 to stay open until 7 January 2018 in Technopolis, Gazi

  41. 12/12 22:25

    Tourism Minister calls on foreigners to invest in Greece

  42. 12/12 22:01

    Draft bill to allow marinas' management transfer to local bodies in Greece

  43. 12/12 20:16

    Lithuanian-based technology firm BitREC expanding to Greek market

  44. 12/12 20:12

    Mitsotakis: Climate change the greatest long-term threat to Greece

  45. 12/12 20:06

    Main opposition ND: We expect the Greek government to implement privatizations

  46. 12/12 20:02

    Erdogan interview: Turkish-Cypriots “joint owners” not minority

  47. 12/12 19:22

    4.1% decrease in building activity across Greece in September

  48. 12/12 18:45

    Eurostat: Greece has the highest tax rises in the European Union

  49. 12/12 15:10

    Israeli PM slams Turkish President over Jerusalem issue

  50. 12/12 13:57

    Authorities: Sixth bear killed in road accident in northern Greece

  51. 12/12 11:21

    PM: Greek state saved €764 million by renegotiating four highway projects

  52. 11/12 23:05

    Global Blue Hellas: Tax Free transactions soar in 12-month period

  53. 11/12 21:16

    Tourism: Athens in top-10 destinations for Scandinavians for Q1 2018

  54. 11/12 21:03

    Acclaimed King's College Choir to make a first appearance in Athens

  55. 11/12 20:56

    No trolleys in Athens on Thursday from 9am to 9pm due to work stoppage

  56. 11/12 20:48

    Greek banks team up to offer settlements to 170,000 debtors

  57. 11/12 20:43

    Prime Minister: We invite American investments to Greece

  58. 11/12 20:41

    FYROM and Greece back to the name game bargaining table

  59. 11/12 20:38

    Moody's credit positive: Greek banks meet non-performing exposure targets

  60. 11/12 20:33

    Cyprus airports celebrate surpassing 10-million-passenger milestone

  61. 11/12 20:25

    New York City fashion event helps save lives of women in Greece

  62. 11/12 20:16

    Extended shop opening hours for Christmas in Greece

  63. 11/12 20:10

    Athens Airport tops 2016 passenger total by end of November 2017

  64. 11/12 20:05

    Passage through the scenic Corinth canal a part of Greek history

  65. 11/12 19:55

    The Archaeological Museum of Eleusis: A true hidden treasure

  66. 11/12 18:29

    The three best performing Greek islands in tourism for 2017

  67. 11/12 18:23

    4th Greek Tourism Expo: Medical tourism a 'golden opportunity' for Greece

  68. 11/12 17:46

    Energy minister: Government seeks fair price for sale of stake in DESFA

  69. 11/12 17:40

    Body of mountain climber recovered from steep cliff on Mount Olympus in Greece

  70. 11/12 17:29

    Report: New light cast on tanker sinking in Saronic Gulf

  71. 11/12 15:24

    Greek trade deficit up by 20.6% during October 2017

  72. 11/12 13:17

    Bild: Rise in migrants trying to enter EU from Greek airports with forged travel docs

  73. 11/12 11:08

    1.13 million applications for 'social dividend' approved so far in Greece

  74. 10/12 17:49

    Prime Minister: Greece supports Serbia’s European Union bid

  75. 10/12 12:52

    Large number of migrants and refugees leave from Lesvos island in Greece

  76. 10/12 12:45

    Card payments set to increase by more than 40% in Greece during 2017

  77. 10/12 12:33

    Rebetiko music in UNESCO’s 2017 Intangible Cultural Heritage List (video)

  78. 10/12 12:28

    Increase of 5-7% recorded this year for Greek exports

  79. 10/12 12:20

    Greece sent relief items to Albania after Tirana asked for emergency assistance

  80. 10/12 11:57

    State Department: The United States supports the sovereignty of Greece

  81. 10/12 11:49

    Brit playwright Eve Leigh presents “Surfacing” at National Greek Theater

  82. 10/12 11:45

    FYROM Premier Zaev: We have been provoking Greece for years

  83. 10/12 11:37

    Professor: Greek justice system is an obstacle to economic development

  84. 10/12 11:31

    Greek State arrears to private sector drop to 3.458 billion euros in October 2017

  85. 10/12 11:19

    Bank of Greece license for 10 companies so far in debt management sector

  86. 10/12 11:09

    Ancient Greek rituals at the Musee Saint Raymond in Toulouse (video)

  87. 10/12 11:01

    US Congresswoman: Turkey must respect the rights of the Ecumenical Patriarch

  88. 10/12 10:55

    Unemployment rate in Greece drops for 9th straight month in September 2017

  89. 10/12 10:49

    Greek Parliamentary committee revokes approval of Saudi arms deal

  90. 09/12 20:37

    Report: Evzones of the Hellenic Presidential Guard give stern look to Erdogan

  91. 09/12 20:33

    Turkish President concludes Thrace visit with speech to Muslim community leaders

  92. 09/12 20:30

    Greece's Energean: New contracts to supply natgas to Israeli industrial users

  93. 09/12 20:25

    Archon Conference highlights persecution of Christians in the Holy Lands

  94. 09/12 20:21

    1,681 foreign nationals illegally in Greece sent back to their countries

  95. 09/12 20:14

    AKP MP proposes turning Hagia Sophia into mosque after Trump’s decision on Jerusalem

  96. 09/12 20:06

    Media Secretary General at London's Focus 2017 to promote Greece

  97. 09/12 17:40

    1000 migrants moved away from Greek islands after protests

  98. 09/12 17:36

    Report: Nine Greek politicians indicted over wealth declarations

  99. 09/12 17:35

    Greek Prime Minister attends quadrilateral summit in Belgrade

  100. 09/12 17:28

    Tree planted by Greek medical student named Northern Ireland’s “Tree of the Year”