Golden crown and wreath presented for first time by Lesvos Archaeological Museum in Greece

Α Decrease font Enlarge font
Golden crown and wreath presented for first time by Lesvos Archaeological Museum in GreeceRoman Aqueduct in Mytilini

The Antiquities Ephorate of Lesvos in the context of the cultural action "Unique finds at the Archaeological Museum of Mytilene" will present on Wednesday at 20:00 the fourth archaeological find within this series of event entitled "Eternal light. Golden wreaths and crowns from the necropolises of Mytilene".

Speaking to Athens Macedonian News Agency the ephor of Lesvos Antiquities Pavlos Triantafyllidis said "important finds of ornament metallurgy from workshops of Macedonia with strong reference to the Lesbian culture of the post classical and Hellenistic era have been unearthed in the ancient necropolises mostly those of Mytilene but also of Mythimna. The fourth exhibit of this series that was selected and  presented for the first time is a golden olive wreath deriving from the second half of the 3rd century BC which was handed over to Mytilene Archaeological Museum in 2002 and a golden crown dated back to the last quarter of the 4th century BC".

Mytilene is an ancient city founded in the 11th century BC. It is the capital and port of the island of Lesbos and also the capital of the North Aegean Region. 

The writings of Homer

As an ancient city, lying off the east coast, Mytilene was initially confined to a small island just offshore that later was joined to Lesbos, creating a north and south harbor. According to the writings of Homer, the island of Lesvos has been an organized city since 1054 B.C. The early harbor of Mytilene was united during ancient times with a channel 700 meters long and 30 meters wide. The Roman writer Longus speaks of white stone bridges linking the two sides. The Greek word Εύριπο or Euripus is a commonly used term when referring to a strait. The strait allowed ancient sail boats called Triremes, with 3 tiers of rowers or more. The boats that passed were ca. 6 metres wide plus oars and had depth of 2 meters.

The areas of the city that were densely populated connected the two bodies of land with marble bridges. They usually followed a curved line. The strait begins at the old market called Apano Skala. It was also close to Metropolis Street and ended at the Southern Harbor. One could argue that the channel transversed what is now called Ermoy Street. Over time the strait began to collect silt and earth. There was also human intervention for the protection of the Castle of Mytilene. The strait eventually filled with earth.

Mytilene contested successfully with Methymna in the north of the island for the leadership of the island in the 7th century BC and became the centre of the island’s prosperous eastern hinterland. Her most famous citizens were the poets Sappho and Alcaeus and the statesman Pittacus (one of the Seven Sages of ancient Greece). The city was famed for its great output of electrum coins struck from the late 6th through mid-4th centuries BC. Mytilene revolted against Athens in 428 BC but was overcome by an Athenian expeditionary force. The Athenian public assembly voted to massacre all the men of the city and to sell the women and children into slavery but changed its mind the next day. A fast trireme sailed the 186 nautical miles (344 km) in less than a day and brought the decision to cancel the massacre.

Rich necropolises 

The most significant monument of Mytilene was the theater, built in the natural cavity of the south incline, near the top of the hill, in the 3rd century B.C.. Another significant technical work was the aqueduct of the Roman period. It carried water to a distance of approximately 30 km to the city of Mytilene.

Excavations in Mytilene uncovered stone-paved streets that led outside the city through the rich cemeteries by the roads. Inside the walls of the later Hellenistic city, the water supply system with its clay ducts and the sewage system with its built drains were uncovered. The windward sea walls of the ports, namely the archaic and later wall, built according to the opus testaecum technique with poros, surrounded the oldest part of the city along Euripus. From the 3rd century on, it surrounded the later part of the city, ending up at the large sea walls of the ports, where large jars have been preserved.

The necropolises of Mytilene were rich. The archaic necropolis was near the banks of Euripus on the part of the land, around the north commercial port. For the burials of this time, cist-graves or large jars were used. From the 5th century B.C. up to the end of the Roman Rule, cemeteries were built along stone-paved roads starting from the north, western and south exits of the city, in a distance of up to 2 km from the city walls. Sarcophagi, cist-graves and small cinerary urns were used for burials. Almost all burials, even those outside cemeteries, had rich funeral gifts, in order to certify the affluence of the residents of ancient Mytilene, which had glory, wealth and power almost throughout its historical course.

Mytilene is directly connected with lyric poetry and philosophy. According to literary sources, inscriptions and excavation data, there was a sanctuary of Demetra and Kore at the Castle, a sanctuary of Cybele near the north commercial port, a sanctuary of Apollo Maloeis near the north port outside the archaic city walls and a sanctuary of Zeus near the ancient theater. The worships of Asclepius, Dionysus and Hera are also attested.

Photo Source: Wikimedia Commons Copyright: Jonathan Lundqvist License: CC-BY-SA

RELATED TOPICS: GreeceGreek tourism newsTourism in GreeceGreek islandsHotels in GreeceTravel to GreeceGreek destinations Greek travel marketGreek tourism statisticsGreek tourism report

 

 

 

Tornos
  1. 23/06 14:25

    EU reaches historic deal on final loan tranche and Greek debt relief

  2. 23/06 14:20

    Summer Nostos Festival going strong for 5th day with fun and culture in Athens

  3. 23/06 13:42

    Melbourne’s Preston Market in Victoria marks Big Fat Greek Day 2

  4. 23/06 13:38

    Pan-Laconian Federation of USA and Canada organizes 70th Convention

  5. 23/06 13:32

    EU cites new tax criteria for property across Greece in positive compliance report

  6. 23/06 13:27

    Brazilian Mauritsstad and the Golden Age exhibition in Athens till September 7

  7. 23/06 13:18

    Visit the wonderful and historic Nemea site in Greece's Peloponnese

  8. 23/06 09:59

    Greek medicinal users hope to enter cannabis business with new law

  9. 22/06 16:49

    Blueground’s portfolio includes 400 property assets in Athens

  10. 22/06 16:34

    English novelist Anthony Horowitz discovers “most magical” Greek island of Spetses

  11. 22/06 14:26

    BITE 2018: Chinese express strong interest in Greece as a tourist destination

  12. 22/06 14:22

    Emirates Airbus A380 makes first landing in Athens on Friday (video)

  13. 22/06 14:17

    Greek island vacation for American media tycoon Barry Diller

  14. 22/06 14:17

    Greek National Theatre offers cheaper tickets for Ancient Theater of Epidaurus

  15. 22/06 14:14

    Traffic diverted in central Athens on Saturday June 23 due to SNF Run

  16. 22/06 14:02

    Travelbook.de presents its "Top 10" Greek beaches list for 2018

  17. 22/06 13:49

    Kate Hudson’ son Ryder, 14, looks like grandpa Kurt Russell on Greek vacation

  18. 22/06 13:46

    Chalkidiki’s olives lauded in Russian travel magazine

  19. 22/06 12:37

    Report: Hotel rooms on popular Greek islands booked during 2018 season

  20. 22/06 12:23

    “Disruption” at 7th SNF International Conference on philanthropy in Athens (videos)

  21. 22/06 10:53

    Archaeologists discover villa and mosaic of Ancient Greek fisherman Phainos in Turkey

  22. 21/06 19:34

    Balance of travel services in Greece: Arrivals grow but spending drops in Q1

  23. 21/06 19:20

    Athens Stock Exchange: 7th Hellenic Investment Forum in New York winds up

  24. 21/06 18:42

    Summer Nostos Festival draws crowds to the SNFCC in Athens

  25. 21/06 18:32

    Saving 1 million turtles worldwide by new global TUI Turtle Aid programme

  26. 21/06 16:24

    TUI: Greece second most popular destination in 2018 - the tourists who prefer it

  27. 21/06 14:35

    Marriott International Hotels gear up as water savvy Cape Town bounces back

  28. 21/06 14:31

    Ferrari celebrates 70th anniversary in Greek city of Ioannina in Epirus (video)

  29. 21/06 13:20

    3rd Ministerial Conference for Security and Stability on Greek island of Rhodes

  30. 21/06 12:22

    Air Traffic Controllers strikes destroy aviation and economies across Europe

  31. 21/06 10:05

    Travel report: Astypalaia, a Greek island that steals your heart

  32. 20/06 11:08

    Greek “Opa! Fest” celebrates 25th anniversary in Troy, Michigan

  33. 19/06 22:27

    Aegean Cuisine network ‘the ambassador of Cycladic islands gastronomy’

  34. 19/06 22:22

    Refugee Food Festival is coming to restaurants in Athens and Mytilene island

  35. 19/06 22:17

    Ambassador Pyatt: Strong support by the US for Greece's economic recovery

  36. 19/06 22:05

    Popular Greek singers performing across the country for summer 2018

  37. 19/06 21:51

    Art Athina 2018 opens at the Athens Conservatory on June 21

  38. 19/06 21:45

    Five applications for freight rail transport and logistics to Greece

  39. 19/06 21:32

    China showing great interest in Greek audiovisual sector and film tourism

  40. 19/06 21:22

    The Athens Acropolis Museum celebrates nine years of existence

  41. 19/06 18:51

    Lesvos island marks World Refugee Day with concerts by refugee children

  42. 19/06 18:44

    Greek island of Sifnos: A place filled with tasty memories

  43. 19/06 18:39

    President Kovind: Greece and India can boost bilateral trade to more than 1 billion

  44. 19/06 18:32

    Legendary Onassis yacht Christina O docks at Greece’s Piraeus port (video)

  45. 19/06 18:20

    Minister: Culture adds value to Greece's tourist product (video)

  46. 19/06 17:48

    Report: Symbolism of Greek statues in Beyoncé and Jay-Z Apesh*t clip (video)

  47. 19/06 17:37

    Prospect for strengthening tourist flows from India to Greece very high

  48. 19/06 17:04

    Four Seasons Astir Palace Hotel Athens redevelopment in full swing

  49. 19/06 16:59

    Singapore Airlines’ new Boeing 787-10 to serve Bali after July 2, 2018

  50. 19/06 14:49

    The top-5 countries with the highest demand for Greek golden visas

  51. 19/06 12:36

    ACI Europe: Traffic at Athens, Kefalonia and Corfu airports takes off

  52. 19/06 10:26

    Reuters: Dromeus Capital fund looking to invest in Greek commercial property

  53. 19/06 00:27

    Harvard Library acquires archive of iconic Greek poet Nikos Gatsos

  54. 19/06 00:21

    Media: DG Comp delay doubles offer for 20-year concession of Athens Airport

  55. 19/06 00:13

    Cyprus’ residents trips abroad rise by 1.7% during May 2018

  56. 19/06 00:06

    Land developer confident Helleniko project can commence construction in early 2019

  57. 18/06 23:58

    Tatler Travel Guide 2018: Two Greek hotels among the 101 best in the world

  58. 18/06 23:42

    Ryanair flight attendant dancing to Britney Spears' Toxic goes viral

  59. 18/06 22:45

    Report: The mystery of the Sleeping Giant in the Greek island of Naxos

  60. 18/06 21:17

    Indian President Ram Nath Kovind visits Greek capital of Athens

  61. 18/06 21:12

    Space Agrobox: Greek students find way to feed astronauts

  62. 18/06 21:03

    New York Times laud Athens as a rising cultural capital of Europe

  63. 18/06 20:06

    4th Annual Loukoumi Dance Party and Make A Difference Awards in New York

  64. 18/06 20:01

    Tourist arrivals in Cyprus up by 7.6% during May

  65. 18/06 19:55

    Summer Nostos Festival returns in Athens between June 17-24 (video)

  66. 18/06 19:40

    Arab resorts try to copycat Greece’s Cycladic island beauty

  67. 18/06 19:35

    Greek Investment Roadshow in the USA to take place between June 19-22

  68. 18/06 18:27

    Food-For-Good Festival in Kalamaria Thessaloniki a big hit

  69. 18/06 16:23

    Ancient Theatre of Aptera in Crete to reopen after 17 centuries of silence

  70. 18/06 14:19

    TUI report: Scaling positive change through sustainable tourism

  71. 18/06 12:09

    Olympic champion Stefanidi to participate in Athens Street Pole Vault event

  72. 18/06 10:02

    ABTA: 1 in 3 Brits travel abroad without checking advice about their holiday destination

  73. 15/06 21:19

    Religious Tourism: Exploring ancient Christian churches in Turkey

  74. 15/06 21:08

    Poll: 99% of women hate their partner wearing tight Speedos

  75. 15/06 20:37

    Alexandria’s Greek graves in Egypt form moving monument to Diaspora

  76. 15/06 20:30

    Cavo Paradiso club in Mykonos island celebrates 25th anniversary

  77. 15/06 18:26

    Bus work stoppages in Athens on Tuesday and Thursday

  78. 15/06 16:22

    New objective tax rates for property in Greece approved by finance ministry

  79. 15/06 14:17

    First run for trimaran Superspeed linking Thessaloniki with Sporades islands

  80. 15/06 12:06

    Rainy weather front to affect parts of Greece until Tuesday

  81. 15/06 10:00

    New Mykonos Art festival aims to redefine the popular island destination

  82. 15/06 00:04

    ESM approves 1 billion euros disbursement to Greece

  83. 14/06 23:49

    Nine of the most incredible insurance claims in the history of travel experiences

  84. 14/06 23:38

    Hellenic Heritage Foundation of Toronto celebrates 22nd Annual Gala

  85. 14/06 23:32

    Piraeus to receive €2 million in countervailing benefit from Cosco-run port

  86. 14/06 23:27

    Rich Indians turn to Cyprus for coveted European Union passports

  87. 14/06 20:56

    Bank of Greece: Apartment values down by 40% in the country since 2007

  88. 14/06 20:49

    Retracted and redone Med diet study shows same result: Good

  89. 14/06 20:47

    Athens city council and Mastercard to promote Greek capital abroad

  90. 14/06 20:18

    Sky Express starts flights to and from Chania in Crete and Athens

  91. 14/06 18:34

    Greek Tourism Minister highlights country's attractions for Russians

  92. 14/06 18:32

    Media report: Celebrities making their way to Greece for Summer 2018

  93. 14/06 16:03

    Manasis School in Australia dances “Zorba the Greek” at rugby game

  94. 14/06 14:56

    The Tiger Lillies tour Greece between June 19-24

  95. 14/06 10:33

    Airlines’ ‘hidden’ fees report: Better know before you go

  96. 14/06 01:49

    Guardian: Mykonos and Santorini among 10 classic European islands on a budget

  97. 14/06 01:40

    The essential guide to drinking Ouzo

  98. 14/06 01:34

    Andros island museum hosts tribute to expressionist Dimitris Mytaras

  99. 14/06 01:27

    Tourism, food and beverage sectors boost new hirings in May

  100. 14/06 01:18

    The full agreement between Greece and FYROM on name dispute in English