UNESCO: 18 Greek monuments in World Heritage List

Α Decrease font Enlarge font
UNESCO: 18 Greek monuments in World Heritage ListGreek monuments that must definitely be visited in one's lifetime

UNESCO advises travellers to Greece to visit 18 monuments and sites that are an absolute must as World Heritage Monuments.

It has branded a total 1,073 sites as World Heritage Monuments, and the following are located in Greece:

Temple of Apollo Epicurius at Bassae

This famous temple to the god of healing and the sun was built towards the middle of the 5th century B.C. in the lonely heights of the Arcadian mountains. The temple, which has the oldest Corinthian capital yet found, combines the Archaic style and the serenity of the Doric style with some daring architectural features.

Acropolis, Athens

The Acropolis of Athens and its monuments are universal symbols of the classical spirit and civilization and form the greatest architectural and artistic complex bequeathed by Greek Antiquity to the world. In the second half of the fifth century bc, Athens, following the victory against the Persians and the establishment of democracy, took a leading position amongst the other city-states of the ancient world. In the age that followed, as thought and art flourished, an exceptional group of artists put into effect the ambitious plans of Athenian statesman Pericles and, under the inspired guidance of the sculptor Pheidias, transformed the rocky hill into a unique monument of thought and the arts. The most important monuments were built during that time: the Parthenon, built by Ictinus, the Erechtheon, the Propylaea, the monumental entrance to the Acropolis, designed by Mnesicles and the small temple Athena Nike. 

Archaeological Site of Delphi

The pan-Hellenic sanctuary of Delphi, where the oracle of Apollo spoke, was the site of the omphalos, the 'navel of the world'. Blending harmoniously with the superb landscape and charged with sacred meaning, Delphi in the 6th century B.C. was indeed the religious centre and symbol of unity of the ancient Greek world.

Medieval City of Rhodes

The Order of St John of Jerusalem occupied Rhodes from 1309 to 1523 and set about transforming the city into a stronghold. It subsequently came under Turkish and Italian rule. With the Palace of the Grand Masters, the Great Hospital and the Street of the Knights, the Upper Town is one of the most beautiful urban ensembles of the Gothic period. In the Lower Town, Gothic architecture coexists with mosques, public baths and other buildings dating from the Ottoman period.

Meteora

In a region of almost inaccessible sandstone peaks, monks settled on these 'columns of the sky' from the 11th century onwards. Twenty-four of these monasteries were built, despite incredible difficulties, at the time of the great revival of the eremetic ideal in the 15th century. Their 16th-century frescoes mark a key stage in the development of post-Byzantine painting.

Mount Athos

An Orthodox spiritual centre since 1054, Mount Athos has enjoyed an autonomous statute since Byzantine times. The 'Holy Mountain', which is forbidden to women and children, is also a recognized artistic site. The layout of the monasteries (about 20 of which are presently inhabited by some 1,400 monks) had an influence as far afield as Russia, and its school of painting influenced the history of Orthodox art.

Paleochristian and Byzantine Monuments of Thessalonika

Founded in 315 B.C., the provincial capital and sea port of Thessalonika was one of the first bases for the spread of Christianity. Among its Christian monuments are fine churches, some built on the Greek cross plan and others on the three-nave basilica plan. Constructed over a long period, from the 4th to the 15th century, they constitute a diachronic typological series, which had considerable influence in the Byzantine world. The mosaics of the rotunda, St Demetrius and St David are among the great masterpieces of early Christian art.

Sanctuary of Asklepios at Epidaurus

In a small valley in the Peloponnesus, the shrine of Asklepios, the god of medicine, developed out of a much earlier cult of Apollo (Maleatas), during the 6th century BC at the latest, as the official cult of the city state of Epidaurus. Its principal monuments, particularly the temple of Asklepios, the Tholos and the Theatre - considered one of the purest masterpieces of Greek architecture – date from the 4th century. The vast site, with its temples and hospital buildings devoted to its healing gods, provides valuable insight into the healing cults of Greek and Roman times.

Archaeological Site of Mystras

Mystras, the 'wonder of the Morea', was built as an amphitheatre around the fortress erected in 1249 by the prince of Achaia, William of Villehardouin. Reconquered by the Byzantines, then occupied by the Turks and the Venetians, the city was abandoned in 1832, leaving only the breathtaking medieval ruins, standing in a beautiful landscape.

Archaeological Site of Olympia

The site of Olympia, in a valley in the Peloponnesus, has been inhabited since prehistoric times. In the 10th century B.C., Olympia became a centre for the worship of Zeus. The Altis – the sanctuary to the gods – has one of the highest concentrations of masterpieces from the ancient Greek world. In addition to temples, there are the remains of all the sports structures erected for the Olympic Games, which were held in Olympia every four years beginning in 776 B.C.

Delos

According to Greek mythology, Apollo was born on this tiny island in the Cyclades archipelago. Apollo's sanctuary attracted pilgrims from all over Greece and Delos was a prosperous trading port. The island bears traces of the succeeding civilizations in the Aegean world, from the 3rd millennium B.C. to the palaeochristian era. The archaeological site is exceptionally extensive and rich and conveys the image of a great cosmopolitan Mediterranean port.

Monasteries of Daphni, Hosios Loukas and Nea Moni of Chios

Although geographically distant from each other, these three monasteries (the first is in Attica, near Athens, the second in Phocida near Delphi, and the third on an island in the Aegean Sea, near Asia Minor) belong to the same typological series and share the same aesthetic characteristics. The churches are built on a cross-in-square plan with a large dome supported by squinches defining an octagonal space. In the 11th and 12th centuries they were decorated with superb marble works as well as mosaics on a gold background, all characteristic of the 'second golden age of Byzantine art'.

Pythagoreion and Heraion of Samos

Many civilizations have inhabited this small Aegean island, near Asia Minor, since the 3rd millennium B.C. The remains of Pythagoreion, an ancient fortified port with Greek and Roman monuments and a spectacular tunnel-aqueduct, as well as the Heraion, temple of the Samian Hera, can still be seen.

Archaeological Site of Aigai (modern name Vergina)

The city of Aigai, the ancient first capital of the Kingdom of Macedonia, was discovered in the 19th century near Vergina, in northern Greece. The most important remains are the monumental palace, lavishly decorated with mosaics and painted stuccoes, and the burial ground with more than 300 tumuli, some of which date from the 11th century B.C. One of the royal tombs in the Great Tumulus is identified as that of Philip II, who conquered all the Greek cities, paving the way for his son Alexander and the expansion of the Hellenistic world.

Archaeological Sites of Mycenae and Tiryns

The archaeological sites of Mycenae and Tiryns are the imposing ruins of the two greatest cities of the Mycenaean civilization, which dominated the eastern Mediterranean world from the 15th to the 12th century B.C. and played a vital role in the development of classical Greek culture. These two cities are indissolubly linked to the Homeric epics, the Iliad and the Odyssey , which have influenced European art and literature for more than three millennia.

The Historic Centre (Chorá) with the Monastery of Saint-John the Theologian and the Cave of the Apocalypse on the Island of Pátmos

The small island of Pátmos in the Dodecanese is reputed to be where St John the Theologian wrote both his Gospel and the Apocalypse. A monastery dedicated to the ‘beloved disciple’ was founded there in the late 10th century and it has been a place of pilgrimage and Greek Orthodox learning ever since. The fine monastic complex dominates the island. The old settlement of Chorá, associated with it, contains many religious and secular buildings.

Old Town of Corfu

The Old Town of Corfu, on the Island of Corfu off the western coasts of Albania and Greece, is located in a strategic position at the entrance of the Adriatic Sea, and has its roots in the 8th century BC. The three forts of the town, designed by renowned Venetian engineers, were used for four centuries to defend the maritime trading interests of the Republic of Venice against the Ottoman Empire. In the course of time, the forts were repaired and partly rebuilt several times, more recently under British rule in the 19th century. The mainly neoclassical housing stock of the Old Town is partly from the Venetian period, partly of later construction, notably the 19th century. As a fortified Mediterranean port, Corfu’s urban and port ensemble is notable for its high level of integrity and authenticity.

Archaeological Site of Philippi

The remains of this walled city lie at the foot of an acropolis in north-eastern Greece, on the ancient route linking Europe and Asia, the Via Egnatia. Founded in 356 BC by the Macedonian King Philip II, the city developed as a “small Rome” with the establishment of the Roman Empire in the decades following the Battle of Philippi, in 42 BCE. The vibrant Hellenistic city of Philip II, of which the walls and their gates, the theatre and the funerary heroon (temple) are to be seen, was supplemented with Roman public buildings such as the Forum and a monumental terrace with temples to its north. Later the city became a centre of the Christian faith following the visit of the Apostle Paul in 49-50 CE. The remains of its basilicas constitute an exceptional testimony to the early establishment of Christianity.  

RELATED TOPICS: GreeceGreek tourism newsTourism in GreeceGreek islandsHotels in GreeceTravel to GreeceGreek destinations Greek travel marketGreek tourism statisticsGreek tourism report

Tornos
  1. 21/11 19:53

    Latest trend: Hollywood hotel to sell cannabis in lobby

  2. 21/11 19:46

    Booking.com: #BookingHero global social media competition with €25,000 prize

  3. 21/11 19:34

    Greek Australian doctors unite to promote better health for the community

  4. 21/11 19:29

    European Investment Bank approves €48 million for Greek gas network

  5. 21/11 19:22

    A bread recipe to bake with the Ancient Greek Zea grain

  6. 21/11 19:14

    Athens lost to Amsterdam for relocation of European Medicines Agency (EMA)

  7. 21/11 19:06

    20 Greek and Cypriot companies in Spielwarenmesse toy fair

  8. 21/11 18:56

    Albanian PM: We have spoiled Greece and will no longer be silent (video)

  9. 21/11 18:41

    Athens’ iconic King George Hotel bought by Greek company Lampsa

  10. 21/11 18:31

    First snow of the season falls on Parnitha Mountain near Athens

  11. 21/11 18:25

    Two more hot springs recognized as thermal spas in mainland Greece

  12. 21/11 18:18

    Top-5 cocktails of the year with Greek flavors

  13. 21/11 18:01

    EU: Stringent checking of Greek travelers in German airports to be discussed

  14. 21/11 17:54

    Hellenic News of America celebrates its 30th anniversary

  15. 21/11 17:37

    New poll shows battered SYRIZA trailing New Democracy by 12%

  16. 21/11 17:30

    Greek VP: Tourism can play a major role in the reconstruction of the economy

  17. 21/11 17:30

    Greek VP: Tourism can play a major role in the reconstruction of the economy

  18. 21/11 17:18

    Cyprus 2017 Tourism smashes records and pushes recovery

  19. 21/11 17:10

    Morgan Stanley: Growth of Airbnb slowing in U.S and Europe

  20. 21/11 16:26

    Christmas shows for the whole family at the Greek National Opera in Athens

  21. 21/11 14:21

    Twenty six antiquities to be repatriated from Austria to Greece

  22. 21/11 12:06

    Minister: Tourism policy has been extremely successful in Greece

  23. 21/11 10:47

    Leaders of Cyprus, Egypt, Greece pledge closer cooperation after Summit

  24. 21/11 02:14

    Russian Circus on Ice in Athens between December 15-23

  25. 21/11 02:06

    FVW workshop: Greece faces uphill race to extend tourist season

  26. 21/11 02:01

    Mitsis Norida Beach the most popular Greek hotel in Germany in November

  27. 21/11 01:46

    SunExpress: New Leipzig-Heraklion connection in 2018

  28. 21/11 01:36

    + 17% traffic to Greek museums and sites during July 2017

  29. 21/11 01:31

    Ryanair launched new Thessaloniki to Nuremberg route

  30. 21/11 01:23

    Germania Flug: New connections to Corfu, Samos and Zakynthos in 2018

  31. 21/11 01:13

    Three Greek hotels win European Hospitality Awards

  32. 21/11 01:07

    Most Germans will travel to Mallorca, New York and London for New Year's Eve

  33. 21/11 01:03

    SAS: New flights to Athens and Chania in 2018

  34. 21/11 00:55

    TUI Airlines: New connections to Greece from Belgium in 2018

  35. 21/11 00:39

    Greek current account balance in surplus between January-September

  36. 21/11 00:10

    Report: Four in 10 children in Greece at risk of poverty

  37. 21/11 00:02

    Six refugees on Chios island arrested for breaking into greenhouse

  38. 20/11 23:58

    US consulate in Zurich evacuated due to suspect "anti-American" package

  39. 20/11 23:52

    EU Greece to recover €55 million from Hellenic Defence Systems

  40. 20/11 23:49

    International health-oriented and medical tourism survey: What do customers want

  41. 20/11 23:35

    The magic of Meteora, Agrafa, Lake Plastira, Elati and Pertouli

  42. 20/11 23:29

    Moody's: Greek bond swap plan credit positive

  43. 20/11 22:48

    Marketing Greece: Impressive international tributes in the Publicity Report for October 2017

  44. 20/11 21:47

    Greek police presence in flood-hit areas strengthened against looting

  45. 20/11 21:43

    New electronic fare system put to test in four Athens Metro stations

  46. 20/11 21:35

    Fofi Gennimata is the leader of the new center-left party in Greece

  47. 20/11 21:16

    100% Hotel Show concludes with Hotel Design Awards, VIP guests and a surprise entrance (videos)

  48. 20/11 21:05

    Greece’s Motor Oil signs supply agreement with Russia’s Rosneft

  49. 20/11 20:54

    Greek banks eye auctions of up to 10,000 foreclosed properties by end of year

  50. 20/11 20:48

    Record September for Greek tourism with double-digit increase in arrivals

  51. 20/11 20:39

    Greek government announces relief measures for flood victims

  52. 20/11 19:41

    EU: Schengen border code for entrance-exit system to be amended

  53. 20/11 19:26

    New hotels improving Omonia and Metaxourgio axis in central Athens

  54. 20/11 18:54

    Greek merchant shipping grows ships and capacity in September

  55. 20/11 18:52

    Health Tourism in Greece conference to be held in Melbourne

  56. 20/11 18:17

    American meteorologist explains flash storm that flooded Greek towns

  57. 20/11 17:55

    Discovery of new bodies raises death toll from west Attica flash floods

  58. 20/11 17:43

    Guide maps of the most dangerous countries in the world for tourists

  59. 20/11 17:33

    Report: Skopje to get rid of unhistorical kitsch landmarks

  60. 20/11 17:25

    Greek Parliament approves its 2018 budget with 0.75% rise in expenditures

  61. 20/11 16:26

    Visit Kastoria city lake in Greece: The lady of Macedonia

  62. 20/11 16:09

    Anti-Trump “liberal activism” hotel to open in Washington D.C

  63. 20/11 16:02

    Lesvos island holds strike on Monday to protest overcrowding of refugees

  64. 20/11 15:23

    Woman injured in Exarchia rioting in 'stable but still serious condition'

  65. 20/11 13:19

    Greek privatization fund issues two new tenders for state-owned marinas in Alimos and Chios

  66. 20/11 11:08

    Registered unemployment up 3.07% in Greece during October

  67. 20/11 01:54

    Ryanair launches massive sale for Black Friday 2017 flight offers

  68. 20/11 00:21

    SingularityU Athens Chapter launch event at Benaki Museum on Monday

  69. 19/11 17:12

    Oxford South East European Studies project mapping the Greek diaspora

  70. 18/11 15:02

    Greek anarchist group storms into National Defense ministry (video)

  71. 18/11 14:58

    Cyprus complains to UN over Turkish airspace and waters violations

  72. 18/11 14:54

    Report: The top Greek restaurants in New York City

  73. 18/11 14:50

    Greece's Arcturos releases bear caught in illegal snare for wild boars

  74. 18/11 14:46

    Central Athens Ermou street sees store rental rates rise 12.8% from 2016

  75. 18/11 14:42

    United States issues terror alert for Europe during holiday season

  76. 18/11 14:38

    Greek jewelry exhibition at NYC Museum of Arts and Design on November 16-19

  77. 18/11 14:23

    Greece among top-5 countries in the world for tourism perception

  78. 18/11 13:57

    Greek-French Innovation Network Forum attracts 300 start-ups and 1,500 visitors

  79. 18/11 13:49

    Handelsblatt: €256 billion in money for Greece since 2010

  80. 18/11 13:32

    Extension of Albanian language use in FYROM passed by House

  81. 18/11 13:23

    Greek MEP meets head of Chinese People’s Institute of Foreign Affairs Hailong Wu

  82. 18/11 13:16

    Thessaloniki mayor Boutaris calls FYROM “Macedonia” by mistake (video)

  83. 18/11 13:11

    Real estate group National Pangaea reports higher nine-month results in Greece

  84. 18/11 11:02

    Turkish deputy PM accuses Greece of oppressing religious minorities

  85. 17/11 19:57

    Greek government secures €5 million in emergency funds for flood victims

  86. 17/11 19:52

    Cypriots trips abroad record annual increase of 7.5% in October

  87. 17/11 19:38

    Study: Average tourist in Greece spends 67 euros a day

  88. 17/11 18:58

    Greece launches procedure for concession of Egnatia Odos motorway

  89. 17/11 16:58

    Annual Athens Polytechnic uprising march concludes outside American embassy

  90. 17/11 16:38

    Cruise ship in Piraeus port to house homeless from western Attica

  91. 17/11 16:33

    Tourism professionals rely on Tornos News and 81% rate it very good/excellent: Survey

  92. 17/11 16:28

    Report: Greek anger over Schengen checks at German airports

  93. 17/11 16:24

    Cyprus tourist traffic sets record in October and first ten months

  94. 17/11 16:17

    Greek female lawyer injured by flare in Exarcheia transferred to hospital

  95. 17/11 16:04

    Passenger traffic in Greek airports up 9.9% during January - October 2017

  96. 17/11 15:46

    Legendary ‘Fine Red Wines’ event on Sunday in Athens GB hotel

  97. 17/11 15:40

    3D exhibition “Tomb of Christ” at National Geographic Museum

  98. 17/11 15:35

    Airbnb refuses Greek Finance Ministry's request to turn over personal data of customers

  99. 17/11 14:59

    Leaders of Greece, Cyprus and Egypt to meet in Nicosia on Tuesday

  100. 17/11 14:51

    No metro service in Athens on Tuesday due to 24-hour strike